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turn

turn


turn  (tûrn)
v. turned, turn·ing, turns
v.tr.
1. To cause to move around an axis or center; cause to rotate or revolve.
2. To cause to move around in order to achieve a result, such as opening, closing, tightening, or loosening: turn the key; turn a screw.
3. To alter or control the functioning of (a mechanical device, for example) by the use of a rotating or similar movement: turned the iron to a hotter setting.
4. To perform or accomplish by rotating or revolving: turn a somersault.
5.
a. To change the position of so that the underside becomes the upper side: turn the steak; turn a page.
b. To spade or plow (soil) to bring the undersoil to the surface.
c. To reverse and resew the material of (a collar, for example).
6. To revolve in the mind; meditate on; ponder.
7.
a. To give a rounded form to (wood, for example) by rotating against a cutting tool.
b. To give a rounded shape to (clay, for example) by rotating and shaping with the hands or tools.
c. To give a rounded form to: turn a heel in knitting a sock.
d. To give distinctive, artistic, or graceful form to: They know precisely how to turn a dramatic line or phrase that is guaranteed to make the evening news (William Safire).
8.
a. To change the position of by traversing an arc of a circle; pivot: turned his chair toward the speaker.
b. To present in a specified direction by rotating or pivoting: turn ones face to the wall.
c. To cause (a scale) to move up or down so as to register weight: Even a feather will turn a delicate scale.
9.
a. To fold, bend, or twist (something).
b. To change the position or disposition of by folding, bending, or twisting: Turn the design right side up on your jacket buttons. Turn the hat inside out.
c. To make a bend or curve in: strong enough to turn a bar of steel.
d. To blunt or dull (the edge of a cutting instrument).
e. To injure by twisting: turn an ankle.
f. To upset or make nauseated: That story turns my stomach.
10. To change the direction or course of: turn the car to the left.
11.
a. To divert or deflect: turn a stampede.
b. To reverse the course of; cause to retreat: Then turn your forces from this paltry siege/And stir them up against a mightier task (Shakespeare).
12. To make a course around or about: turn a corner.
13. To change the purpose, intention, or content of by persuasion or influence: Her speech turned my thinking.
14. To change the order or disposition of; unsettle: Sudden prosperity had turned [his] head (Thomas Macaulay).
15.
a. To aim or focus: turn ones gaze to the sky; turned the camera on the speaker.
b. To devote or apply (oneself, for example) to something: She turned herself to law.
16. To cause to act or go against; make antagonistic: The scandal turned public opinion against the candidate.
17. To cause to go in a specific direction; direct: They turned their steps toward home.
18. To send, drive, or let go: turn the bully out of the bar; turned the dog loose.
19. To pour, let fall, or otherwise release (contents) from or into a receptacle: Turn the dough onto a floured board.
20. To cause to take on a specified character, nature, identity, or appearance; change or transform. Used with to or into: water that had been turned to ice; turn a rundown house into a show place.
21. To make sour; ferment: Lack of refrigeration turned the milk.
22. To affect or change the color of: Autumn turns the green leaves golden.
23. To exchange; convert. Used with to or into: turns her singing talent into extra money.
24. To keep in circulation; sell and restock: We turned a great deal of merchandise during the holidays.
25.
a. To make use of: turned the situation to our advantage.
b. To get by buying and selling: turn a fair profit.
26. To perform successfully; complete: turn a double play.
27. Slang To perform (an act of prostitution): turning tricks.
v.intr.
1. To move around an axis or center; rotate or revolve.
2. To have a sensation of revolving or whirling, especially as a result of dizziness or giddiness.
3. To change position from side to side or back and forth: I tossed and turned all night.
4. To progress through pages so as to arrive at a given place: Please turn to page 31.
5.
a. To operate a lathe.
b. To be formed on a lathe: a softwood that turns easily.
6. To direct ones way or course: The truck turned into the gas station. Turn off the highway at the next exit.
7. To change or reverse ones way, course, or direction: Too tired to go farther, we turned toward home.
8. To have a specific reaction or effect, especially when adverse.
9. To change ones actions or attitudes adversely; become hostile or antagonistic: The peasants turned against the cruel king.
10. To attack suddenly and violently with no apparent motive: The lion turned on the animal trainer.
11. To channel ones attention, interest, or thought toward or away from something: In the spring a young mans fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love (Tennyson).
12. To devote or apply oneself to something, as to a field of study: Unsuccessful in math, the student turned to biology.
13. To convert to a religion.
14. To switch ones loyalty from one side or party to another.
15. To have recourse to a person or thing for help, support, or information.
16. To depend on something for success or failure; hinge: The election would turn not on ideology but on competence (George F. Will).
17.
a. To change so as to be; become: His hair turned gray. I am a lawyer turned novelist.
b. To change; become transformed. Used with to or into: The sky turned to pink at dawn. The night turned into day.
c. To reach and pass (a certain age, for example): My niece has turned two.
18. To become sour: The milk will turn if you dont refrigerate it.
19. To change color: The leaves have turned.
20. To be stocked and sold: This merchandise will turn easily.
21. To become dull or blunt by bending back. Used of the edge of a cutting instrument.
n.
1. The act of turning or the condition of being turned; rotation or revolution.
2. A change of direction, motion, or position: Make a left turn at the corner.
3. A place, as in a road or path, where a change in direction occurs; a curve: a sharp turn in the road.
4. A departure or deviation, as in a trend: a strange turn of events.
5. A point marking the end of one period of time and the beginning of the next: the turn of the century.
6.
a. A chance or opportunity.
b. One of a series of such opportunities accorded people in succession or in scheduled order: waiting for her next turn at bat.
7. A period of participation: a turn at wrestling.
8.
a. An attack of illness or severe nervousness.
b. Informal A momentary shock or scare: I had quite a turn when I heard the crash.
9. A characteristic mood, style, or habit; a natural inclination: an inquisitive turn of mind.
10. A propensity or adeptness: She has a turn for carpentry.
11. A distinctive, graceful, or artistic expression or arrangement of words: the poetic turn of a phrase.
12.
a. A movement or development in a particular direction: a turn for the worse.
b. A variation of a given kind or type: His muse occasionally takes a humorous and satirical turn (Albert C. Baugh).
13. A deed or action having a good or bad effect on another: He thought some friend had done him an ill turn (Stephen Crane).
14. Advantage or purpose: It served his turn.
15. A short walk or excursion out and back: took a turn in the park.
16. A distortion in shape.
17. The condition of being twisted or wound.
18.
a. A winding of one thing about another.
b. A single wind or convolution, as of wire on a spool.
19. Something that winds or turns around a center axis.
20. Music A figure or ornament, usually consisting of four or more notes in rapid succession and including the principal note, the one a degree above it, and the one a degree below it.
21. A brief theatrical act or stage appearance.
22. A transaction on the stock market involving both a sale and a purchase.
23. South Atlantic U.S. The amount that can be carried in the arms in one load: a turn of firewood.
Phrasal Verbs:
turn away
1. To send away; dismiss: turned away the clerk.
2. To repel: The poor location of the house turned away prospective buyers.
3. To avert; deflect: turned away all criticism.
turn back
1. To reverse ones direction of motion: stopped on the road and had to turn back.
2. To drive back and away: turned back the uninvited comers.
3. To halt the advance of: turned back the advancing army.
4. To fold down: Turn back the pages corner to save your place in the book.
turn down
1. To diminish the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of: Turn down the radio, please.
2. To reject or refuse, as a person, advice, or a suggestion: turned down the invitation.
3. To fold or be capable of folding down: turn a collar down; a collar that turns down.
turn in
1. To hand in; give over: turned in the final exam.
2. To inform on or deliver: The criminal turned herself in.
3. To produce: turns in a consistent performance every day.
4. Informal To go to bed: I turned in early last night.
turn off
1. To stop the operation, activity, or flow of; shut off: turned off the television.
2. Slang
a. To affect with dislike, displeasure, or revulsion: That song really turns me off.
b. To affect with boredom: The play turned the audience off.
c. To lose or cause to lose interest; withdraw: turning off to materialism.
d. To cease paying attention to: The student turned off the boring lecture and daydreamed.
3. To divert; deflect.
4. Chiefly British To dismiss (an employee).
turn on
1. To cause to begin the operation, activity, or flow of: Turn on the light bulb.
2. To begin to display, employ, or exude: turn on the charm.
3. Slang
a. To take or cause to take a mind-altering drug, especially for the first time.
b. To be or cause to become interested, pleasurably excited, or stimulated. Often used with to: My aunt turned me on to jazz. She turned on to surfing this summer.
c. To excite or become excited sexually.
turn out
1. To shut off: turned out the lights.
2. To arrive or assemble, as for a public event or entertainment: Many protesters have turned out.
3. To produce, as by a manufacturing process; make: an assembly line turning out cars.
4. To be found to be, as after experience or trial: The rookie turned out to be the teams best hitter.
5. To end up; result: The cake turned out beautifully.
6. To equip; outfit: troops that were turned out lavishly
7. Informal To get out of bed.
8. To evict; expel: The tenants were turned out.
turn over
1. To bring the bottom to the top or vice versa; invert.
2.
a. To shift the position of, as by rolling from one side to the other.
b. To shift ones position by rolling from one side to the other.
3. To rotate; cycle: The engine turned over but wouldnt start.
4. To think about; consider: turned over the problem in her mind.
5. To transfer to another; surrender: turned over the illegal funds.
6. Sports To lose possession of (the ball).
7. To do business to the extent or amount of: turn over a million dollars a year.
8. To seem to lurch or heave convulsively: My stomach turned over.
turn to
To begin work: If you quit dawdling and just turn to, your chores will be done soon.
turn up
1. To increase the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of: Turn up the radio.
2.
a. To find: She turned up the missing keys under her briefcase.
b. To be found: The papers will turn up sooner or later.
3. To make an appearance; arrive: Many old friends turned up at the reunion.
4. To fold or be capable of folding up: turning up his cuffs; cuffs that will turn up.
5. To happen unexpectedly: Something turned up, so I couldnt go.
6. To be evident: a sculptor whose name turns up in the art circles.
Idioms:
at every turn
In every place; at every moment.
by turns
One after another; alternately: From the ... testimony emerges a man by turns devious and honest, vulgar and gallant, scatterbrained and shrewd (Life).
in turn
In the proper order or sequence.
out of turn
1. Not in the proper order or sequence.
2. At an inappropriate time or in an inappropriate manner: The student was reprimanded for speaking out of turn.
to a turn
To a precise degree; perfectly: The roast was done to a turn.
turn a blind eye
To refuse to see or recognize something: turned a blind eye to tax fraud.
turn a deaf ear
To refuse to listen to or hear something: turned a deaf ear to the protests.
turn a hair
To become afraid or upset: didnt turn a hair during the crisis.
turn (ones) back on
1. To deny; reject.
2. To abandon; forsake.
turn (ones) hand
To apply oneself, as to a task: turned her hand to writing the report.
turn (ones) head
1. To cause to become infatuated.
2. To cause to become egotistical and conceited: Success has turned his head.
turn over a new leaf
To change, as ones attitude or conduct, for the better.
turn tail
To run away.
turn the/a corner
To reach and surpass a midpoint or milestone.
turn the other cheek
To respond to insult or injury by patiently eschewing retaliation.
turn the scales
To offset the balance of a situation.
turn the tables
To reverse a situation and gain the upper hand.
turn turtle
To capsize or turn upside-down: Our sailboat turned turtle during the squall.
turn up (ones) nose
To regard something with disdain or scorn: turned up her nose at the food.

[Middle English turnen, from Old English turnian, tyrnan and Old French torner, both from Latin tornre, to turn in a lathe, from tornus, lathe, from Greek tornos; see ter-1 in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: turn, circle, rotate, revolve, gyrate, spin, whirl, eddy, swirl
These verbs mean to move or cause to move in a circle. Turn and circle are the most general: The mechanic made sure the wheels turned properly. Seagulls circled above the ocean.
Rotate refers to movement around an objects own axis or center: Earth rotates on its axis once each day.
Revolve involves orbital movement: Earth revolves around the sun.
Gyrate suggests revolving in or as if in a spiral course: The top gyrated on the counter and slowly came to a stop.
To spin is to rotate rapidly, often within a narrow compass: He ... spun round, flung up his arms, and fell on his back, shot through (John Galsworthy.)
Whirl applies to rapid or forceful revolution or rotation: During the blizzard, snowflakes whirled down from the sky.
Eddy denotes rapid circular movement like that of a whirlpool: Storm clouds eddied overhead.
Swirl can connote a graceful undulation, spiral, or whorl: The baker swirled the icing around the cake. See Also Synonyms at resort.


turn  /trn/  v. 1 [I;T] (syns.) to bear left or right | veer, as in changing direction: The truck turned right onto a side street. The truck bore (or) veered right onto a side street. 2 [I;T] (syns.) to become, change to (s.t. different) | transform, convert: The weather turned stormy today. The weather became stormy today.||An architect turned an old barn into a cute house. An architect transformed an old barn into a cute house. 3 [I;T] (syns.) to adjust, move, twirl: I turned the knob on the radio to another station. I adjusted the knob on the radio to another station. 4 [I;T] (syns.) to go around, rotate, spin: The earth turns on its axis. The earth goes around (or) rotates on its axis. 5 [I;T] (syns.) to point, aim: The astronomer turned her telescope toward a distant star. The astronomer pointed her telescope toward a distant star. 6 [I;T] (syn.) to flip infrml., as in to reverse s.t.: A cook turned the hamburgers on the grill. A cook flipped the hamburgers on the grill. 7 [T] (syns.) (in farming) to plow, till: The farmer turned the soil with his plow. The farmer plowed (or) tilled the soil with his plow. 8 [T] (syns.) to nauseate | injure: That horror film turned my stomach. That horror film nauseated me. || I tripped and turned my ankle. I tripped and injured my ankle. 9 [I;T] (syns.) to carve, shape s.t. as on a lathe: A worker turns table legs on a lathe. A worker carves (or) shapes table legs on a lathe. 10 infrml. to turn a blind eye: to ignore, overlook: The father turned a blind eye to his sons laziness and left him the family business. 11 infrml. to turn a deaf ear: to ignore, avoid: He turned a deaf ear to his wifes advice. 12 to turn a profit: to make a profit: His business is new and does not turn a profit. 13 phrasal v. [I] to turn about: to turn in the opposite direction: She forgot her eyeglasses and turned about to get them. 14 to turn blue: to show signs of cold and lack of oxygen: His hands turned blue from the cold. 15 infrml. to turn cartwheels: to jump for joy: When he heard the good news, he felt like turning cartwheels. 16 to turn green: a. to become ill: He ate some bad food and turned green with nausea. b. to become envious or jealous: When he saw his neighbors new car, he turned green with envy. 17 phrasal v. insep. [T] to turn into s.o. or s.t.: to change into, become: The nice boy turned into a bad man. 18 to turn loose: to set free: Zookeepers turned some birds raised in captivity loose in the wild. 19 infrml. to turn on a dime: to change direction quickly: That football star can turn on a dime and speed off in another direction. 20 to turn ones back on: to reject, (syn.) to repudiate: He turned his back on his father and never spoke to him again. 21 to turn over a new leaf: to change, esp. to correct ones bad behavior: Managers who ignored their workers turned over a new leaf and worked closely with them. 22 infrml.fig. to turn over in ones grave: an expression of disapproval (disgust, horror): Beethoven would turn over in his grave if he could hear todays popular music. 23 to turn red: to blush, flush: Her face turned red with embarrassment. 24 phrasal v. insep. [T] to turn s.o. against s.o. or s.t.: to become hostile, oppose: The public turned against the leader and voted him out of office. 25 phrasal v. sep. [T] to turn s.o. or s.t. around: a. to reverse direction: He turned his car around and headed home. b. to change a bad business situation: The company was losing money and hired a new president to turn it around. 26 phrasal v. sep. to turn (s.o.) away: a. [I;T] to avoid looking, (syn.) to avert the eyes: When he saw the dead body, he turned away in horror. b. [I] s.o.: to change, such as to stop doing bad things: He turned away from drinking alcohol and gambling. c. [T] s.o.: to keep s.o. from entering: The security guard turned away people who didnt have invitations to the party.||He turned them away. 27 phrasal v. sep. [I;T] to turn s.o. back: to reverse direction, such as to stop a journey: The bad snowstorm made me turn back and stay at home. 28 phrasal v. sep. to turn s.o. or s.t. down: a. [T] s.t.: to fold over: The maid turned down the bedsheet and blanket for hotel guests each evening. b. [T] s.o. or s.t.: to refuse, disapprove: His manager turned down his proposal for a new project. 29 phrasal v. sep. to turn (s.o. or s.t.) in: a. [I] to go to bed, sleep: I turned in at 11:00 P.M. last night. b. [T] s.o.: to surrender s.o. to the police: A young girl turned in her parents for using drugs.||She turned them in. c. [T] s.t.: to hand in, give s.t. to s.o.: Students turned in their test papers when the period was over. d. [T] s.t.: to exchange as a down payment, esp. cars: He turned in his old car for a new one. 30 phrasal v. sep. to turn s.o. or s.t. off: a. slang [T] s.o.: to disgust, offend: His unfriendly attitude turns off most people.||It turns them off. b. [I;T] s.t.: to shut off: I turned off the light and went to sleep. 31 phrasal v. sep. to turn s.o. or s.t. on: a. [T] s.o.: to excite, cause enjoyment: Playing tennis turns her on; she loves it! b. [T] s.o.: to excite sexually, arouse: He turns her on with his good looks and curly hair. c. [I;T] s.t.: to switch on, operate: I turned on the lights in a dark room. d. [T] s.t.: to attack physically or verbally: The dog turned on his owner and bit her. ||It turned on her. 32 phrasal v. sep. to turn (s.o. or s.t.) out: a. [I] to develop into, become: The young woman turned out well as the manager of a magazine. b. [T] s.o.: to expel, reject: The mean man turned his son out into the cold night.||He turned him out. c. [I;T] s.o.: to cause people to assemble: The announcement of a public debate turned out a large crowd. d. [T] s.t.: to produce s.t.: Her company turns out beautiful shoes and accessories. e. [T] s.t.: to put out, extinguish (a light) 33 to turn s.o.s head: to attract, (syn.) to beguile: She is so tall that she turns lots of heads when she walks down the street. 34 phrasal v. sep. to turn s.t. over: a. [I;T] to reverse sides, flip over: He turned over and slept on his stomach. b. [T] to give: The manager turned over her responsibilities to a new person.||She turned them over. 35 phrasal v. sep. to turn (s.t.) up: a. [I] to arrive: She turned up at the meeting late. b. [I] to occur, happen, esp. unexpectedly: Something wonderful turned up. I won a prize! c. [T] s.t.: to lift up: He turned up the brim of his hat. d. [T] s.t.: to increase the volume: Turn up the radio so we can hear the music better. e. [I;T] s.t.: to produce results, uncover: The scientist experimented for months and finally turned up a new substance.||She turned it up. 36 infrml. to turn tail: to reverse direction, esp. in a hurried and often cowardly fashion: When the criminal saw the police arrive, he turned tail and ran. 37 to turn the other cheek: to ignore criticism (rejection, harm, etc.): If a person hurts you, some people urge you to turn the other cheek. 38 infrml. to turn the tables: to change weakness into strength, esp. in the same way: I turned the tables on a person who threatened to sue me by having my lawyer sue her first. 39 to turn the tide: to change, reverse a situation: The entrance of their allies into the war turned the tide against their enemies. 40 phrasal v. insep. to turn to (s.o. or s.t.): a. [T] to look at certain pages in a book b. [T] s.o. or s.t.: to find comfort in: After her divorce, she turned to her friends. 41 to turn to ones advantage: to change a difficult situation into a good one: He turned losing his job to his advantage by starting his own business. 42 to turn up ones nose: to reject, esp. in a snobbish fashion: My cat turns up his nose at ordinary cat food.
n. 1 a bend, curve: The road makes a turn to the left at the intersection. 2 a change of direction: We took a turn at the river. 3 a rotation: We watched the slow turn of the windmills blades. 4 a time for a person to act: It was my turn to wash the dishes (serve the volleyball, speak in class, etc.). 5 fig. at every turn: at every moment, on every occasion: At every turn, he likes to discuss politics. 6 in turn: in sequence, in addition: She smiled at him, and he in turn smiled back. 7 out of turn: a. not in sequence: She should have hit the golf ball last; when she hit first, she played out of turn. b. wrongly, rudely: He spoke out of turn when he criticized her unfairly. 8 to do a good turn: to do s.t. good, help s.o.: He did a good turn for a stranded motorist by stopping and fixing her tire. 9 to take a turn for the better or worse: to improve or worsen: The hospital patient took a turn for the better. 10 turn of events: a change, esp. by chance: In a sudden turn of events, the Prime Minister resigned.
pl. 1 by turns: alternately, (syn.) sequentially: Each table of guests went to the buffet by turns. 2 to take turns: to act in sequence: He and his wife take turns washing the dishes.

Thesaurus: turn n. 1 a twist 2 a bend 3 a revolution 4 an opportunity, chance, shot infrml.
adj. n. turn of the century: a period just before, during, and after a century and its characteristics in life, culture, art, etc.: The <n.> turn of the nineteenth century in France was called the Belle Epoque. turn

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