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stem

stem


stem 1  (stm)
n.
1.
a. The main ascending axis of a plant; a stalk or trunk.
b. A slender stalk supporting or connecting another plant part, such as a leaf or flower.
2. A banana stalk bearing several bunches of bananas.
3. A connecting or supporting part, especially:
a. The tube of a tobacco pipe.
b. The slender upright support of a wineglass or goblet.
c. The small projecting shaft with an expanded crown by which a watch is wound.
d. The rounded rod in the center of certain locks about which the key fits and is turned.
e. The shaft of a feather or hair.
f. The upright stroke of a typeface or letter.
g. Music The vertical line extending from the head of a note.
4. The main line of descent of a family.
5. Linguistics The main part of a word to which affixes are added.
6. Nautical The curved upright beam at the fore of a vessel into which the hull timbers are scarfed to form the prow.
7. The tubular glass structure mounting the filament or electrodes in an incandescent bulb or vacuum tube.
v. stemmed, stem·ming, stems
v.intr.
To have or take origin or descent.
v.tr.
1. To remove the stem of.
2. To provide with a stem.
3. To make headway against: managed to stem the rebellion.
Idiom:
from stem to stern
From one end to another.

[Middle English, from Old English stefn, stemn; see st- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: stem1, arise, derive, emanate, flow, issue, originate, proceed, rise, spring
These verbs mean to come forth or come into being: customs that stem from the past; misery that arose from war; rights that derive from citizenship; disapproval that emanated from the teacher; happiness that flows from their friendship; prejudice that issues from fear; a proposal that originated in the Congress; a mistake that proceeded from carelessness; rebellion that rises in the provinces; new industries that spring up.

stem 2  (stm)
v. stemmed, stem·ming, stems
v.tr.
1. To stop or hold back by or as if by damming; stanch.
2. To plug or tamp (a blast hole, for example).
3. Sports To point (skis) inward.
v.intr. Sports
To point skis inward in order to slow down or turn.

[Middle English stemmen, from Old Norse stemma.]

Stem [stɛm]
n
(Music, other) die. (di) the South African national anthem until 1991, when it was joined by ``Nkosi sikelel iAfrika
[from Afrikaans, the call]

stem1
n
1. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Botany) the main axis of a plant, which bears the leaves, axillary buds, and flowers and contains a hollow cylinder of vascular tissue
2. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Botany) any similar subsidiary structure in such plants that bears a flower, fruit, or leaf
3. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Botany) a corresponding structure in algae and fungi
4. any long slender part, such as the hollow part of a tobacco pipe that lies between the bit and the bowl, or the support between the base and the bowl of a wineglass, goblet, etc.
5. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Plants) a banana stalk with several bunches attached
6. (History / Heraldry) the main line of descent or branch of a family
7. (Engineering / Mechanical Engineering) a round pin in some locks on which a socket in the end of a key fits and about which it rotates
8. (Engineering / Mechanical Engineering) any projecting feature of a component: a shank or cylindrical pin or rod, such as the pin that carries the winding knob on a watch
9. (Linguistics) Linguistics the form of a word that remains after removal of all inflectional affixes; the root of a word, esp as occurring together with a thematic element Compare root1 [9]
10. (Communication Arts / Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) the main, usually vertical, stroke of a letter or of a musical note such as a minim
11. (Engineering / Electrical Engineering) Electronics the tubular glass section projecting from the base of a light bulb or electronic valve, on which the filament or electrodes are mounted
12. (Transport / Nautical Terms)
a.  the main upright timber or structure at the bow of a vessel
b.  the very forward end of a vessel (esp in the phrase from stem to stern)
vb stems, stemming, stemmed
1. (intr; usually foll by from) to be derived; originate
2. (Transport / Nautical Terms) (tr) to make headway against (a tide, wind, etc.)
3. (tr) to remove or disengage the stem or stems from
4. (tr) to supply (something) with a stem or stems
[Old English stemn; related to Old Norse stafn stem of a ship, German Stamm tribe, Gothic stōma basis, Latin stāmen thread]
stemlike  adj
stemmer  n

stem2
vb stems, stemming, stemmed
1. (tr) to restrain or stop (the flow of something) by or as if by damming up
2. (tr) to pack tightly or stop up
3. (Individual Sports & Recreations / Skiing) Skiing to manoeuvre (a ski or skis), as in performing a stem
n
(Individual Sports & Recreations / Skiing) Skiing a technique in which the heel of one ski or both skis is forced outwards from the direction of movement in order to slow down or turn
[C15 stemmen, from Old Norse stemma; related to Old Norse stamr blocked, stammering, German stemmen to prop; see stammer]
stemmer  n

stem  (stm)
1. The main, often long or slender part of a plant that usually grows upward above the ground and supports other parts, such as branches and leaves. Plants have evolved a number of tissue arrangements in the stem. Seedless vascular plants (such as mosses and ferns) have primary vascular tissue in an inner core, a cylindrical ring, or individual strands scattered amid the ground tissue. In eudicots, magnoliids, and conifers, the stem develops a continuous cylindrical layer or a ring of separate bundles of vascular tissue (including secondary vascular tissue) embedded in the ground tissue. In monocots and some herbaceous eudicots, individual strands of primary vascular tissue are scattered in the ground tissue.
2. A slender stalk supporting or connecting another plant part, such as a leaf or flower.


stem  /stm/  n. 1 the long, thin part of a plant from which a flower grows: the thorny stem of a rose 2 a long part of s.t.: the stem of a wine glass
v. [T] stemmed, stemming, stems 1 to come from, originate from: Many English words stem from Latin. 2 to stop or hold back: The nurse stemmed the flow of blood with a clean cloth. stem

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