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set 1  (st)
v. set, set·ting, sets
1. To put in a specified position; place: set a book on a table.
2. To put into a specified state: set the prisoner at liberty.
a. To put into a stable position: set the fence post into a bed of concrete.
b. To fix firmly or in an immobile manner: He set his jaw and concentrated on flying the plane through the storm.
4. To restore to a proper and normal state when dislocated or broken: set a broken arm.
a. To adjust for proper functioning.
b. To adjust (a saw) by deflecting the teeth.
c. Nautical To spread open to the wind: set the sails.
6. To adjust according to a standard.
7. To adjust (an instrument or device) to a specific point or calibration: set an alarm clock.
8. To arrange properly for use: set a place for a dinner guest; set a table.
9. To apply equipment, such as curlers and clips, to (hair) in order to style.
10. Printing
a. To arrange (type) into words and sentences preparatory to printing; compose.
b. To transpose into type.
11. Music
a. To compose (music) to fit a given text.
b. To write (words) to fit a given melodic line.
12. To arrange scenery on (a theater stage).
13. To prescribe the unfolding of (a drama or narrative, for instance) in a specific place: a play that is set in Venice.
14. To prescribe or establish: set a precedent.
15. To prescribe as a time for: set June 6 as the day of the invasion.
16. To detail or assign (someone) to a particular duty, service, or station: set the child to cleaning the closets; set guards around the perimeter.
17. To incite to hostile action: a war that set families against one another.
a. To establish as the highest level of performance: set a world aviation record.
b. To establish as a model: A parent must set a good example for the children.
a. To put in a mounting; mount: set an emerald in a pendant.
b. To apply jewels to; stud: a tiara that was set with diamonds.
20. To cause to sit.
a. To put (a hen) on eggs for the purpose of hatching them.
b. To put (eggs) beneath a hen or in an incubator.
22. Sports To position (oneself) in such a way as to be ready to start running a race.
23. Sports To pass (a volleyball), usually with the fingertips, in an arc close to the net so that a teammate can drive it over the net.
a. To value or regard something at the rate of: She sets a great deal by good nutrition.
b. To fix at a given amount: The judge set bail for the defendant at $50,000.
c. To make as an estimate of worth: We set a high value on human life.
25. To point to the location of (game) by holding a fixed attitude. Used of a hunting dog.
26. Botany To produce, as after pollination: set seed.
a. To prepare (a trap) for catching prey.
b. To fix (a hook) firmly into a fishs jaw.
1. To disappear below the horizon: The sun set at seven that evening.
2. To diminish or decline; wane.
3. To sit on eggs. Used of fowl.
a. To become fixed; harden. See Synonyms at coagulate.
b. To become permanent. Used of dye.
5. To become whole; knit. Used of a broken bone.
6. Botany To mature or develop, as after pollination.
7. Nonstandard To sit: If Emmett drives, I could set up front (Bobbie Ann Mason).
8. To position oneself preparatory to an action, such as running a race.
1. Fixed or established by agreement: a set time for the launching.
2. Established by convention: followed set procedures for filing a grievance.
3. Established deliberately; intentional: Our set purpose is to win the conflict.
4. Fixed and rigid: His bearded face already has a set, hollow look (Conor Cruise OBrien).
5. Unwilling or very reluctant to change: He is set in his ways.
a. Intent and determined: He is dead set against rushing abroad to build a plant (Fortune).
b. Ready: We are set to leave early tomorrow morning.
a. The act or process of setting.
b. The condition resulting from setting.
2. The manner in which something is positioned: the set of her cap.
3. A permanent firming or hardening of a substance, as by cooling.
4. The deflection of the teeth of a saw.
a. The carriage or bearing of a part of the body.
b. A particular psychological state, usually that of anticipation or preparedness: The mental set of an audience is crucial to his performance (Psychology Today).
6. A descent below the horizon.
7. The direction or course of wind or water.
8. A seedling, slip, or cutting that is ready for planting.
9. The act of arranging hair by waving and curling it.
10. Sports The act of setting a volleyball for a teammate.
Phrasal Verbs:
set about
To begin or start: set about solving the problem.
set apart
1. To reserve for a specific use.
2. To make noticeable: character traits that set her apart.
set aside
1. To separate and reserve for a special purpose.
2. To discard or reject.
3. To declare invalid; annul or overrule: The court has set aside the conviction.
set at
To attack or assail: The dogs set at the fox.
set back
1. To slow down the progress of; hinder.
2. Informal To cost: That coat set me back $1,000.
set by
To reserve for future use: It is wise to set food and money by in case of a future emergency.
set down
1. To cause to sit; seat: Set the baby down here.
2. To put in writing; record: We set down the facts.
a. To regard; consider: Just set him down as a sneak.
b. To assign to a cause; attribute: Lets set the error down to inexperience.
4. To land (an aircraft): The pilot set the plane down hard.
5. Baseball To put out (a batter); retire. Used of a pitcher.
set forth
1. To present for consideration; propose: set forth a sound plan.
2. To express in words: She has set forth her ideas.
set forward
To begin a journey.
set in
1. To insert: set in the sleeve of a gown.
2. To begin to happen or be apparent: Evening was setting in as I took the road over Mountain Top (Charles Siebert).
3. To move toward the shore. Used of wind or water.
set off
a. To give rise to; cause to occur: set off a chemical reaction.
b. To cause to explode: set off a bomb.
c. To make suddenly or demonstrably angry: The clerks indifference finally set me off.
2. To indicate as being different; distinguish: features setting him off from the crowd.
3. To direct attention to by contrast; accentuate: set off a passage with italics.
4. To counterbalance, counteract, or compensate for: Our dismay at her leaving was set off by our knowing that she was happy.
5. To start on a journey: set off for Europe.
set out
1. To begin an earnest attempt; undertake: He set out to understand why the plan had failed.
2. To lay out systematically or graphically: set out a terrace.
3. To display for exhibition or sale.
4. To plant: set out seedlings.
5. To start a journey: She set out at dawn for town.
set to
1. To begin working energetically; start in.
2. To begin fighting.
set up
1. To place in an upright position.
a. To elevate; raise.
b. To raise in authority or power; invest with power: They set the general up as a dictator.
c. To put (oneself) forward as; claim to be: He has set himself up as an authority on the English language.
d. To assemble and erect: set up a new machine.
3. To establish; found: set up a charity.
4. To cause: They set up howls of protest over new taxes.
5. To establish in business by providing capital, equipment, or other backing.
6. Informal
a. To treat (someone) to drinks.
b. To pay for (drinks).
7. Informal To stimulate or exhilarate: a victory that really set the team up.
8. To lay plans for: set up a kidnapping.
9. Informal To put (someone else) into a compromising situation by deceit or trickery: Swindlers have set me up.
10. Sports To make a pass to (a teammate), creating a scoring opportunity.
set upon
To attack violently: Guards set dogs upon the escaping prisoners.
set fire to
To cause to ignite and burn.
set foot in
To enter.
set foot on
To step on.
set in motion
To give impetus to: The indictment set the judicial process in motion.
set (ones) heart on
To be determined to do something.
set (ones) sights on
To have as a goal: She set her sights on medical school.
set on fire
1. To cause to ignite and burn.
2. To cause to become excited: The music set the audience on fire.
set sail Nautical
To begin a voyage on water.
set (someone) straight
To correct (someone) by providing full and accurate information.
set store by
To regard as valuable or worthwhile.
set the pace
1. To go at a speed that other competitors attempt to match or surpass.
2. To behave or perform in a way that others try to emulate.
set the stage for
To provide the underlying basis for: saber rattling that set the stage for war.
set up housekeeping
To establish a household.
set up shop
To establish ones business operations.

[Middle English setten, from Old English settan; see sed- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Originally set meant to cause (something) to sit, so that it is now in most cases a transitive verb: She sets the book on the table. He sets the table. Sit is generally an intransitive verb: He sits at the table. There are some exceptions: The sun sets (not sits). A hen sets (or sits) on her eggs.

set 2  (st)
1. A group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used: a chess set.
2. A group of persons sharing a common interest: the high-school set.
3. A group of books or periodicals published as a unit.
a. A number of couples required for participation in a square dance.
b. The movements constituting a square dance.
a. The scenery constructed for a theatrical performance.
b. The entire enclosure in which a movie is filmed; the sound stage.
6. Music
a. A session of music, typically dance music, played before an intermission.
b. The music so played.
7. The collective receiving apparatus assembled to operate a radio or television.
8. Mathematics A collection of distinct elements having specific common properties: a set of positive integers.
9. Sports
a. A group of games constituting one division or unit of a match, as in tennis.
b. An offensive formation in football or basketball.

[Middle English sette, from Old French, from Medieval Latin secta, retinue, from Latin, faction; see sect.]

vb sets, setting, set (mainly tr)
1. to put or place in position or into a specified state or condition to set a book on the table to set someone free
2. (also intr; foll by to or on) to put or be put (to); apply or be applied he set fire to the house they set the dogs on the scent
3. to put into order or readiness for use; prepare to set a trap to set the table for dinner
4. (also intr) to put, form, or be formed into a jelled, firm, fixed, or rigid state the jelly set in three hours
5. (also intr) to put or be put into a position that will restore a normal state to set a broken bone
6. to adjust (a clock or other instrument) to a position
7. to determine or establish we have set the date for our wedding
8. to prescribe or allot (an undertaking, course of study, etc.) the examiners have set ``Paradise Lost
9. to arrange in a particular fashion, esp an attractive one she set her hair the jeweller set the diamonds in silver
10. (Clothing & Fashion) (of clothes) to hang or fit (well or badly) when worn
11. (Music, other) Also set to music to provide music for (a poem or other text to be sung)
12. (Communication Arts / Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) Also set up Printing to arrange or produce (type, film, etc.) from (text or copy); compose
13. (Performing Arts / Theatre) (Performing Arts) to arrange (a stage, television studio, etc.) with scenery and props
14. to describe or present (a scene or the background to a literary work, story, etc.) in words his novel is set in Russia
15. to present as a model of good or bad behaviour (esp in the phrases set an example, set a good example, set a bad example)
16. (foll by on or by) to value (something) at a specified price or estimation of worth he set a high price on his services
17. (foll by at) to price (the value of something) at a specified sum he set his services at ?300
18. (also intr) to give or be given a particular direction his course was set to the East
19. (Transport / Nautical Terms) (also intr) to rig (a sail) or (of a sail) to be rigged so as to catch the wind
20. (intr) (of the sun, moon, etc.) to disappear beneath the horizon
21. to leave (dough, etc.) in one place so that it may prove
22. to sharpen (a cutting blade) by grinding or honing the angle adjacent to the cutting edge
23. to displace alternate teeth of (a saw) to opposite sides of the blade in order to increase the cutting efficiency
24. to sink (the head of a nail) below the surface surrounding it by using a nail set
25. (Electronics & Computer Science / Computer Science) Computing to give (a binary circuit) the value 1
26. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Botany) (of plants) to produce (fruits, seeds, etc.) after pollination or (of fruits or seeds) to develop after pollination
27. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Agriculture) to plant (seeds, seedlings, etc.)
28. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Agriculture) to place (a hen) on (eggs) for the purpose of incubation
29. (Individual Sports & Recreations / Hunting) (intr) (of a gun dog) to turn in the direction of game, indicating its presence
30. Scot and Irish to let or lease to set a house
31. (Group Games / Bridge) Bridge to defeat (ones opponents) in their attempt to make a contract
32. a dialect word for sit
set eyes on to see
1. the act of setting or the state of being set
2. a condition of firmness or hardness
3. bearing, carriage, or posture the set of a gun dog when pointing
4. (Clothing & Fashion) the fit or hang of a garment, esp when worn
5. (Performing Arts / Theatre) (Performing Arts) the scenery and other props used in and identifying the location of a stage or television production, film, etc.
6. (Communication Arts / Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) Also called set width Printing
a.  the width of the body of a piece of type
b.  the width of the lines of type in a page or column
7. (Transport / Nautical Terms) Nautical
a.  the cut of the sails or the arrangement of the sails, spars, rigging, etc., of a vessel
b.  the direction from which a wind is blowing or towards which a tide or current is moving
8. (Psychology) Psychol a temporary bias disposing an organism to react to a stimulus in one way rather than in others
9. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Agriculture) a seedling, cutting, or similar part that is ready for planting onion sets
10. (Engineering / Tools) a blacksmiths tool with a short head similar to a cold chisel set transversely onto a handle and used, when struck with a hammer, for cutting off lengths of iron bars
11. (Engineering / Tools) See nail set
12. the direction of flow of water
13. a mechanical distortion of shape or alignment, such as a bend in a piece of metal
14. (Engineering / General Engineering) the penetration of a driven pile for each blow of the drop hammer
15. (Engineering / Civil Engineering) (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Zoology) (Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Textiles) a variant spelling of sett
1. fixed or established by authority or agreement set hours of work
2. (usually postpositive) rigid or inflexible she is set in her ways
3. conventional, artificial, or stereotyped, rather than spontaneous she made her apology in set phrases
4. (postpositive; foll by on or upon) resolute in intention he is set upon marrying
5. (Social Science / Education) (of a book, etc.) prescribed for students preparation for an examination See also set about, set against, set aside, set back, set down, set forth, set in, set off, set on, set out, set to, set up, set upon
[Old English settan, causative of sittan to sit; related to Old Frisian setta, Old High German sezzan]

1. a number of objects or people grouped or belonging together, often forming a unit or having certain features or characteristics in common a set of coins John is in the top set for maths
2. a group of people who associate together, esp a clique hes part of the jet set
3. (Mathematics) (Philosophy / Logic) Maths logic
a.  Also called class a collection of numbers, objects, etc., that is treated as an entity: {3, the moon} is the set the two members of which are the number 3 and the moon
b.  (in some formulations) a class that can itself be a member of other classes
4. (Electronics) any apparatus that receives or transmits television or radio signals
5. (Individual Sports & Recreations / Tennis) (Individual Sports & Recreations / Squash & Fives) (Individual Sports & Recreations / Badminton) Tennis squash badminton one of the units of a match, in tennis one in which one player or pair of players must win at least six games Graf lost the first set
6. (Performing Arts / Dancing)
a.  the number of couples required for a formation dance
b.  a series of figures that make up a formation dance
7. (Music, other)
a.  a bands or performers concert repertoire on a given occasion the set included no new numbers
b.  a continuous performance the Who played two sets
vb sets, setting, set
1. (Performing Arts / Dancing) (intr) (in square dancing and country dancing) to perform a sequence of steps while facing towards another dancer set to your partners
2. (usually tr) to divide into sets in this school we set our older pupils for English
[C14 (in the obsolete sense: a religious sect): from Old French sette, from Latin secta sect; later sense development influenced by the verb set1]

set  (st)
A collection of distinct elements that have something in common. In mathematics, sets are commonly represented by enclosing the members of a set in curly braces, as {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}, the set of all positive integers from 1 to 5.

set  /st/  n. [C] 1 a group of related objects: a set of silverware||a set of golf clubs 2 a group of similar people or friends: We like her; she is in our set. 3 a group of ideas: a strong set of values 4 a machine for watching or listening: a TV set||a stereo set 5 scenery in a theater: a stage set 6 a particular number of games (in sports such as tennis) 7 the position of a body part: the set of her chin||the set of his shoulders. See: jet set.
adj. 1 hardened: The glue is set on my toy airplane, so now I can fly it. 2 agreed upon, decided: We now have a set time for the meeting. 3 ready: Get set to leave now. 4 not likely to change ones mind, determined: She is set on studying physics in college. 5 all set: prepared: We have our tickets and our bags are packed, so we are all set for our vacation.||All set? OK, lets begin. 6 set in ones ways: not easy to change, stubborn: My mother wont learn how to use a computer; shes set in her ways.
set n. 1 a collection | kit 2 a (social) circle, clique 3 an array, a bunch infrml. 4 an
apparatus 5 a backdrop 7 an angle, thrust. adj. 1 fixed, firm 2 fixed, firm, definite, established. Ant. variable. 3 prepared | primed 4 firm about, definite about. Ant. undecided.
v. 1 [T] to put or place s.t.: I have set the vase in the center of the table. 2 [I] to become firm or hardened: The gelatin has set, so we can eat it now. 3 [T] to put a machine to a certain position: Set the radio dial to 98.9 FM.||Set the clock for 5:30 A.M. 4 [T] to decide and agree upon s.t.: We have set the price at $10.||She set a date for the picnic. 5 [T] to put in place (a goal, a record, a fashion): I have set a goal for myself to become an accountant.||Teenagers set the new fashion trend. 6 [T] to get s.t. ready: set the table||set the stage 7 [T] to fix or hold in position: She set my hair with hair spray.||This stone is set in the necklace. 8 [I] to go below the horizon: The sun set in the west. 9 [T] to cause s.t. to begin to happen: She set the house on fire.||set a pot to boil.||set a dog to barking. 10 ready, set, go! or get ready, get set, go!: phrase used to start a timed event, such as a race 11 to have ones mind or heart set on s.t.: to want s.t. so much that nothing will prevent getting it (using heart gives it a more emotional meaning): He has his mind set on arriving on time.||She has her heart set on buying a new car. 12 phrasal v. insep. [T] to set about s.t.: to begin an action: I set about planning the trip this morning. 13 to set foot in: to go in, enter: I hate that restaurant; I will not set foot in the place!||I smelled onions cooking the minute I set foot in the house. 14 phrasal v. insep. to set forth s.t.: a. frml. [T] to express formally: The judge set forth the law in a long speech. b. frml. [I] to begin: The king set forth on a long journey. 15 to set free: to make free, let out, (syn.) to liberate: We caught a butterfly in a net, but later we set it free. 16 phrasal v. [I] to set in: to move in: She was not feeling well; then a high fever set in.||The fog had set in, so we could not see the road. 17 phrasal v. insep. [T] to set off from s.o.: to show s.o.s difference: She is the oldest woman, so that sets her off from the others. 18 to set out: to leave on a trip: He then set out on a two-week trip. 19 to set a precedent: to do s.t. that can be used as an example in the future: The owner refused to buy the sales manager a car, because that would set a precedent and others would then want one. 20 to set sail: to leave by ship: We set sail tomorrow on a 10-day cruise. 21 phrasal v. insep. [T] to set s.o. or s.t. against s.o. or s.t.: a. s.o.: to cause two people to disagree: An argument about their child set one parent against the other. b. s.t.: to place s.t. against s.t.: Ive set the broom against the wall. 22 phrasal v. sep. [T] to set s.o. or s.t. apart: to cause to be different or distinct: Her intelligence sets her apart from other workers. 23 to set s.o. or s.t. back: a. s.o.: to cost s.o. money: That new car set him back $25,000. b. s.t.: to move a date back, lose time: The extra work set back the schedule a month.||It set it back. 24 phrasal v. sep. [T] to set s.o. or s.t. off: a. s.o.: to cause great anger: Dont tell the boss the bad news; it will set her off. b. s.t.: to cause to explode: The boy set off a firecracker. 25 phrasal v. insep. [T] to set s.o. or s.t. on s.o. or s.t.: to cause to attack: The woman set her dogs on the thief, and they chased him off. 26 to set s.o. or s.t. straight: to correct a wrong idea: He thought he could get good grades without studying, but the teacher set him straight. 27 phrasal v. sep. [T] to set s.t. aside: a. to stop acting on s.t.: He set aside the book until he had time to read it.||He set it aside. b. to keep or save for later: The parents set aside money each year for their childrens education. 28 phrasal v. sep. [T] to set s.t. down: a. to put s.t. down: He set down the bag.||He set it down. b. to put in writing: The writer set down her thoughts in a journal. 29 to set store by: to have confidence in: You can set great store by what he says; hes honest. 30 to set a trap: to try to catch s.o. or s.t.: The farmer sets traps to catch rabbits in his field. 31 phrasal v. sep. [T] to set up: a. to get ready, arrange: She set up chairs and tables for the party. b. to fool, trick s.o.: The police had an undercover agent invite the criminal to a hotel for a phony buy; they set him up. set

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