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pole

pole


Pole  (pl)
n.
1. A native or inhabitant of Poland.
2. A person of Polish descent.

Pole, Reginald 1500-1558.
English prelate. The last Roman Catholic archbishop of Canterbury (1556), he was a leading figure in the Counter Reformation.

pole 1  (pl)
n.
1. Either extremity of an axis through a sphere.
2. Either of the regions contiguous to the extremities of the earths rotational axis, the North Pole or the South Pole.
3. Physics A magnetic pole.
4. Electricity Either of two oppositely charged terminals, as in an electric cell or battery.
5. Astronomy A celestial pole.
6. Biology
a. Either extremity of the main axis of a nucleus, cell, or organism.
b. Either end of the spindle formed in a cell during mitosis.
c. The point on a nerve cell where a process originates.
7. Either of two antithetical ideas, propensities, forces, or positions: the moral poles of modern medicine: on the one hand, a tinkering with procreation with at best ambiguous, at worst monstrous moral possibilities. On the other hand, scientific skill and cunning unambiguously in the service of hope (Charles Krauthammer).
8. A fixed point of reference.
9. Mathematics The origin in a polar coordinate system; the vertex of a polar angle.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin polus, from Greek polos, axis, sky; see kwel-1 in Indo-European roots.]

pole 2  (pl)
n.
1. A long, relatively slender, generally rounded piece of wood or other material.
2. The long tapering wooden shaft extending up from the front axle of a vehicle to the collars of the animals drawing it; a tongue.
3.
a. See rod.
b. A unit of area equal to a square rod.
4. Sports The inside position on the starting line of a racetrack: qualified in the time trials to start on the pole.
v. poled, pol·ing, poles
v.tr.
1.
a. To propel with a pole: boatmen poling barges up a placid river.
b. To propel (oneself) or make (ones way) by the use of ski poles: We ski through the glades on corn snow, then pole our way over a long one-hour runout to a road (Frederick Selby).
2. To support (plants) with a pole.
3. To strike, poke, or stir with a pole.
v.intr.
1. To propel a boat or raft with a pole.
2. To use ski poles to maintain or gain speed.

[Middle English, from Old English pl, from Latin plus, stake; see pag- in Indo-European roots.]

Pole [pəʊl]
n
(Linguistics / Languages) a native, inhabitant, or citizen of Poland or a speaker of Polish

pole1
n
1. (Engineering / Tools) a long slender usually round piece of wood, metal, or other material
2. (Individual Sports & Recreations / Horse Training, Riding & Man?ge) the piece of timber on each side of which a pair of carriage horses are hitched
3. (Mathematics & Measurements / Units) another name for rod [7]
4. (Individual Sports & Recreations / Horse Racing) Horse racing chiefly US and Canadian
a.  the inside lane of a racecourse
b.  (as modifier) the pole position
c.  one of a number of markers placed at intervals of one sixteenth of a mile along the side of a racecourse
5. (Transport / Nautical Terms) Nautical
a.  any light spar
b.  the part of a mast between the head and the attachment of the uppermost shrouds
(Transport / Nautical Terms)
under bare poles Nautical (of a sailing vessel) with no sails set
up the pole Brit, Austral, and NZ informal
a.  slightly mad
b.  mistaken; on the wrong track
vb
1. (tr) to strike or push with a pole
2. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Horticulture) (tr)
a.  to set out (an area of land or garden) with poles
b.  to support (a crop, such as hops or beans) on poles
3. (Engineering / Metallurgy) (tr) to deoxidize (a molten metal, esp copper) by stirring it with green wood
4. (Transport / Nautical Terms) to punt (a boat)
[Old English pāl, from Latin pālus a stake, prop; see pale2]

pole2
n
1. (Earth Sciences / Physical Geography) either of the two antipodal points where the earths axis of rotation meets the earths surface See also North Pole, South Pole
2. (Astronomy) Astronomy short for celestial pole
3. (Physics / General Physics) Physics
a.  either of the two regions at the extremities of a magnet to which the lines of force converge or from which they diverge
b.  either of two points or regions in a piece of material, system, etc., at which there are opposite electric charges, as at the two terminals of a battery
4. (Mathematics) Maths an isolated singularity of an analytical function
5. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Biology) Biology
a.  either end of the axis of a cell, spore, ovum, or similar body
b.  either end of the spindle formed during the metaphase of mitosis and meiosis
6. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Physiology) Physiol the point on a neuron from which the axon or dendrites project from the cell body
7. either of two mutually exclusive or opposite actions, opinions, etc.
8. (Mathematics) Geometry the origin in a system of polar or spherical coordinates
9. any fixed point of reference
poles apart (or asunder) having widely divergent opinions, tastes, etc.
(Earth Sciences / Physical Geography)
from pole to pole throughout the entire world
[from Latin polus end of an axis, from Greek polos pivot, axis, pole; related to Greek kuklos circle]

Pole2
n
(Biographies / Pole, Reginald (1500-1558) M, English, RELIGION: cardinal) Reginald. 1500-58, English cardinal; last Roman Catholic archbishop of Canterbury (1556-58)

pole  (pl)
1. Mathematics
a. Either of the points at which an axis that passes through the center of a sphere intersects the surface of the sphere.
b. The fixed point used as a reference in a system of polar coordinates. It corresponds to the origin in the Cartesian coordinate system.
2.
a. Geography Either of the points at which the Earths axis of rotation intersects the Earths surface; the North Pole or South Pole.
b. Either of the two similar points on another planet.
3. Physics A magnetic pole.
4. Electricity Either of two oppositely charged terminals, such as the two electrodes of an electrolytic cell or the electric terminals of a battery.
5. Biology
a. Either of the two points at the extremities of the axis of an organ or body.
b. Either end of the spindle formed in a cell during mitosis.
pole

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