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pitch

pitch


pitch 1  (pch)
n.
1. Any of various thick, dark, sticky substances obtained from the distillation residue of coal tar, wood tar, or petroleum and used for waterproofing, roofing, caulking, and paving.
2. Any of various natural bitumens, such as mineral pitch or asphalt.
3. A resin derived from the sap of various coniferous trees, as the pines.
tr.v. pitched, pitch·ing, pitch·es
To smear or cover with or as if with pitch.

[Middle English pich, from Old English pic and from Anglo-Norman piche, both from Latin pix, pic-.]

pitch 2  (pch)
v. pitched, pitch·ing, pitch·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To throw, usually with careful aim. See Synonyms at throw.
b. To discard by throwing: pitched the can out the window.
2. Baseball
a. To throw (the ball) from the mound to the batter.
b. To play (a game) as pitcher.
c. To assign as pitcher.
3. To erect or establish; set up: pitched a tent; pitch camp.
4. To set firmly; implant; embed: pitched stakes in the ground.
5. To set at a specified downward slant: pitched the roof at a steep angle.
6.
a. To set at a particular level, degree, or quality: pitched her expectations too high.
b. Music To set the pitch or key of.
c. To adapt so as to be applicable; direct: pitched his speech to the teenagers in the audience.
7. Informal To attempt to promote or sell, often in a high-pressure manner: showed up on local TV to pitch their views (Business Week).
8. Sports To hit (a golf ball) in a high arc with backspin so that it does not roll very far after striking the ground.
9. Games
a. To lead (a card), thus establishing the trump suit.
b. To discard (a card other than a trump and different in suit from the card led).
v.intr.
1. To throw or toss something, such as a ball, horseshoe, or bale.
2. Baseball To play in the position of pitcher.
3. To plunge headlong: He pitched over the railing.
4.
a. To stumble around; lurch.
b. To buck, as a horse.
5.
a. Nautical To dip bow and stern alternately.
b. To oscillate about a lateral axis so that the nose lifts or descends in relation to the tail. Used of an aircraft.
c. To oscillate about a lateral axis that is both perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and horizontal to the earth. Used of a missile or spacecraft.
6. To slope downward: The hill pitches steeply.
7. To set up living quarters; encamp; settle.
8. Sports To hit a golf ball in a high arc with backspin so that it does not roll very far after striking the ground.
n.
1. The act or an instance of pitching.
2. Baseball
a. A throw of the ball by the pitcher to the batter.
b. A ball so thrown.
3. Chiefly British A playing field. Also called wicket.
4.
a. Nautical The alternate dip and rise of the bow and stern of a ship.
b. The alternate lift and descent of the nose and tail of an airplane.
5.
a. A steep downward slope.
b. The degree of such a slope.
6. Architecture
a. The angle of a roof.
b. The highest point of a structure: the pitch of an arch.
7. A level or degree, as of intensity: worked at a feverish pitch to meet the deadline.
8.
a. Acoustics The distinctive quality of a sound, dependent primarily on the frequency of the sound waves produced by its source.
b. Music The relative position of a tone within a range of musical sounds, as determined by this quality.
c. Music Any of various standards for this quality associating each tone with a particular frequency.
9.
a. The distance traveled by a machine screw in a single revolution.
b. The distance between two corresponding points on adjacent screw threads or gear teeth.
c. The distance between two corresponding points on a helix.
10. The distance that a propeller would travel in an ideal medium during one complete revolution, measured parallel to the shaft of the propeller.
11. Informal
a. A line of talk designed to persuade: [his] pious pitch for . . . austerity (Boston Globe).
b. An advertisement.
12. Chiefly British The stand of a vendor or hawker.
13. Games See seven-up.
14. Printing The density of characters in a printed line, usually expressed as characters per inch.
Phrasal Verbs:
pitch in Informal
1. To set to work vigorously.
2. To join forces with others; help or cooperate.
pitch into Informal
To attack verbally or physically; assault.
pitch on/upon Informal
To succeed in choosing or achieving, usually quickly: pitched on the ideal solution.

[Middle English pichen, probably from Old English *piccean, causative of *pcian, to prick.]

pitch1
vb
1. to hurl or throw (something); cast; fling
2. (usually tr) to set up (a camp, tent, etc.)
3. (tr) to place or thrust (a stake, spear, etc.) into the ground
4. (intr) to move vigorously or irregularly to and fro or up and down
5. (tr) to aim or fix (something) at a particular level, position, style, etc. if you advertise privately you may pitch the price too low
6. (Business / Marketing) (tr) to aim to sell (a product) to a specified market or on a specified basis
7. (intr) to slope downwards
8. (intr) to fall forwards or downwards
9. (Transport / Nautical Terms) (intr) (of a vessel) to dip and raise its bow and stern alternately
10. (Team Sports / Cricket) Cricket to bowl (a ball) so that it bounces on a certain part of the wicket, or (of a ball) to bounce on a certain part of the wicket
11. (Engineering / Aeronautics) (intr) (of a missile, aircraft, etc.) to deviate from a stable flight attitude by movement of the longitudinal axis about the lateral axis Compare yaw [1] roll [14]
12. (Individual Sports & Recreations) (tr) (in golf) to hit (a ball) steeply into the air, esp with backspin to minimize roll
13. (Music, other) (tr) Music
a.  to sing or play accurately (a note, interval, etc.)
b.  (usually passive) (of a wind instrument) to specify or indicate its basic key or harmonic series by its size, manufacture, etc.
14. (Group Games / Card Games) (tr) Cards to lead (a suit) and so determine trumps for that trick
15. (Team Sports / Baseball) Baseball
a.  (tr) to throw (a baseball) to a batter
b.  (intr) to act as pitcher in a baseball game
16. Southwest English dialect (used with it as subject) to snow without the settled snow melting
in there pitching US and Canadian informal taking part with enthusiasm
pitch a tale (or yarn) to tell a story, usually of a fantastic nature
n
1. the degree of elevation or depression
2.
a.  the angle of descent of a downward slope
b.  such a slope
3. the extreme height or depth
4. (Individual Sports & Recreations / Mountaineering) Mountaineering a section of a route between two belay points, sometimes equal to the full length of the rope but often shorter
5. (Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Architecture) the degree of slope of a roof, esp when expressed as a ratio of height to span
6. (Engineering / General Engineering) the distance between corresponding points on adjacent members of a body of regular form, esp the distance between teeth on a gearwheel or between threads on a screw thread
7. (Engineering / General Engineering) the distance between regularly spaced objects such as rivets, bolts, etc.
8. the pitching motion of a ship, missile, etc.
9. (Engineering / Aeronautics)
a.  the distance a propeller advances in one revolution, assuming no slip
b.  the blade angle of a propeller or rotor
10. the distance between the back rest of a seat in a passenger aircraft and the back of the seat in front of it
11. (Music, other) Music
a.  the auditory property of a note that is conditioned by its frequency relative to other notes high pitch low pitch
b.  an absolute frequency assigned to a specific note, fixing the relative frequencies of all other notes. The fundamental frequencies of the notes A-G, in accordance with the frequency A = 440 hertz, were internationally standardized and accepted in 1939 See also concert pitch [1] international pitch
12. (Team Sports / Cricket) Cricket the rectangular area between the stumps, 22 yards long and 10 feet wide; the wicket
13. (Earth Sciences / Geological Science) Geology the inclination of the axis of an anticline or syncline or of a stratum or vein from the horizontal
14. (Group Games / Card Games) another name for seven-up
15. (Team Sports / Cricket) the act or manner of pitching a ball, as in cricket
16. (Business / Commerce) Chiefly Brit a vendors station, esp on a pavement
17. (Business / Marketing) Slang a persuasive sales talk, esp one routinely repeated
18. (General Sporting Terms) Chiefly Brit (in many sports) the field of play
19. (Individual Sports & Recreations) Also called pitch shot Golf an approach shot in which the ball is struck in a high arc
make a pitch for US and Canadian slang
a.  to give verbal support to
b.  to attempt to attract (someone) sexually or romantically
queer someones pitch Brit informal to upset someones plans See also pitch in, pitch into, pitch on
[C13 picchen; possibly related to pick1]

pitch2
n
1. (Chemistry / Elements & Compounds) any of various heavy dark viscid substances obtained as a residue from the distillation of tars See also coal-tar pitch
2. (Chemistry / Elements & Compounds) any of various similar substances, such as asphalt, occurring as natural deposits
3. (Chemistry / Elements & Compounds) any of various similar substances obtained by distilling certain organic substances so that they are incompletely carbonized
4. (Chemistry / Elements & Compounds) crude turpentine obtained as sap from pine trees Related adjective piceous
vb
(tr) to apply pitch to (something)
[Old English pic, from Latin pix]

pitch  (pch)
1. A thick, tarlike substance obtained by distilling coal tar, used for roofing, waterproofing, and paving.
2. Any of various natural bitumens, such as asphalt, having similar uses.
3. A resin derived from the sap of a cone-bearing tree, such as a pine.
pitch

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