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pawn

pawn


pawn 1  (p?n)
n.
1. Something given as security for a loan; a pledge or guaranty.
2. The condition of being held as a pledge against the payment of a loan: jewels in pawn.
3. A person serving as security; a hostage.
4. The act of pawning.
tr.v. pawned, pawn·ing, pawns
1. To give or deposit (personal property) as security for the payment of money borrowed.
2. To risk; hazard: pawn ones honor.
Phrasal Verb:
pawn off
To dispose or get rid of deceptively: tried to pawn off the fake gemstone as a diamond.

[Middle English paun, from Old French pan, of Germanic origin .]

pawna·ble adj.
pawnage n.
pawner (p?nr), pawnor (-n?r) n.

pawn 2  (p?n)
n.
1. Abbr. P Games A chess piece of lowest value that may move forward one square at a time or two squares in the first move, capture other pieces only on a one-space diagonal forward move, and be promoted to any piece other than a king upon reaching the eighth rank.
2. A person or an entity used to further the purposes of another: an underdeveloped nation that was a pawn in international politics.

[Middle English, from Old French pedon, paon, from Medieval Latin ped, pedn-, foot soldier, from Late Latin, one who has wide feet, from Latin ps, ped-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]


pawn  /pn/  n. 1 in the game of chess, the least valuable piece 2 a person used by others to serve their own purposes: The poor people were just pawns in the politicians fight for power.
v. [T] to deposit personal valuables, such as watches and rings, with a pawnbroker in exchange for a loan: She pawned her diamond ring for a week and then got it back when she paid off the loan. pawn

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