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native

native


na·tive  (ntv)
adj.
1. Existing in or belonging to one by nature; innate: native ability.
2. Being such by birth or origin: a native Scot.
3. Being ones own because of the place or circumstances of ones birth: our native land.
4. Originating, growing, or produced in a certain place or region; indigenous: a plant native to Asia.
5.
a. Being a member of the original inhabitants of a particular place.
b. Of, belonging to, or characteristic of such inhabitants: native dress; the native diet of Polynesia.
6. Occurring in nature pure or uncombined with other substances: native copper.
7. Natural; unaffected: native beauty.
8. Archaic Closely related, as by birth or race.
9. Biochemistry Of or relating to the naturally occurring conformation of a macromolecule, such as a protein.
n.
1.
a. One born in or connected with a place by birth: a native of Scotland now living in the United States.
b. One of the original inhabitants or lifelong residents of a place.
2. An animal or plant that originated in a particular place or region.

[Middle English, from Old French natif, from Latin ntvus, from ntus, past participle of nsc, to be born; see gen- in Indo-European roots.]

native·ly adv.
native·ness n.
Synonyms: native, indigenous, endemic, autochthonous, aboriginal
These adjectives mean of, belonging to, or connected with a specific place or country by virtue of birth or origin. Native implies birth or origin in the specified place: a native New Yorker; the native North American sugar maple.
Indigenous specifies that something or someone is native rather than coming or being brought in from elsewhere: an indigenous crop; the Ainu, a people indigenous to the northernmost islands of Japan.
Something endemic is prevalent in or peculiar to a particular locality or people: endemic disease.
Autochthonous applies to what is native and unchanged by outside sources: autochthonous folk melodies.
Aboriginal describes what has existed from the beginning; it is often applied to the earliest known inhabitants of a place: the aboriginal population; aboriginal nature. See Also Synonyms at crude.
Usage Note: When used in reference to a member of an indigenous people, the noun native, like its synonym aborigine, can evoke unwelcome stereotypes of primitiveness or cultural backwardness that many people now seek to avoid. As is often the case with words that categorize people, the use of the noun is more problematic than the use of the corresponding adjective. Thus a phrase such as the peoples native to northern Europe or the aboriginal inhabitants of the South Pacific is generally much preferable to the natives of northern Europe or the aborigines of the South Pacific. · Despite its potentially negative connotations, native is enjoying increasing popularity in ethnonyms such as native Australian and Alaska Native, perhaps due to the wide acceptance of Native American as a term of ethnic pride and respect. These compounds have the further benefit of being equally acceptable when used alone as nouns (a native Australian) or in an adjectival construction (a member of a native Australian people). Of terms formed on this model, those referring to peoples indigenous to the United States generally capitalize native, as in Alaska Native (or the less common Native Alaskan) and Native Hawaiian, while others usually style it lowercase.

native [ˈneɪtɪv]
adj
1. relating or belonging to a person or thing by virtue of conditions existing at the time of birth my native city
2. inherent, natural, or innate a native strength
3. born in a specified place a native Indian
4. (when postpositive, foll by to) originating in a specific place or area kangaroos are native to Australia
5. characteristic of or relating to the indigenous inhabitants of a country or area the native art of the New Guinea Highlands
6. (Chemistry) (of chemical elements, esp metals) found naturally in the elemental form
7. unadulterated by civilization, artifice, or adornment; natural
8. Archaic related by birth or race
go native (of a settler) to adopt the lifestyle of the local population, esp when it appears less civilized
n
1. (usually foll by of) a person born in a particular place a native of Geneva
2. (usually foll by of) a species originating in a particular place or area the kangaroo is a native of Australia
3. a member of an indigenous people of a country or area, esp a non-White people, as opposed to colonial settlers and immigrants
4. Derogatory, rare any non-White
[from Latin nātīvus innate, natural, from nascī to be born]
natively  adv
nativeness  n

native  (ntv)
1. Living or growing naturally in a particular place or region; indigenous.
2. Occurring in nature on its own, uncombined with other substances. Copper and gold are often found in native form.
3. Of or relating to the naturally occurring conformation of a macromolecule, such as a protein.


native  /netv/  n. 1 a person who is born in a certain place: She is a native of Texas. 2 pej. one of a group of people living in a place before the arrival of Europeans: They forced the natives to leave their land by burning their villages.
adj. 1 born in a certain place: Shes a native New Yorker. 2 coming from or belonging to a particular place: Those beautiful flowers are native to South America. 3 belonging to a person naturally or from birth: The teacher tried to encourage the boys native musical talent. 4 being the language one first learned as a child: She speaks English fluently, but her native language is Italian. 5 native speaker: a person who speaks a particular language as his or her first language: a native speaker of Chinese

Thesaurus: native n. 1 citizen, inhabitant 2 pej. a primitive, aborigine.
adj. 2 indigenous, originally from 3 natural, inborn, innate frml. 4 original.

Usage Note: The opposite of a native speaker is a nonnative speaker, a person who does not speak a particular language as his or her first language: Since Han immigrated to the US from Taiwan at age 20, hes a nonnative speaker of English. native

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