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lean

lean


Lean  (ln), Sir David 1908-1991.
British filmmaker. His works include The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) and Lawrence of Arabia (1962), both of which won Academy Awards.

lean 1  (ln)
v. leaned, lean·ing, leans
v.intr.
1. To bend or slant away from the vertical.
2. To incline the weight of the body so as to be supported: leaning against the railing. See Synonyms at slant.
3. To rely for assistance or support: Lean on me for help.
4. To have a tendency or preference: a government that leans toward fascism.
5. Informal To exert pressure: The boss is leaning on us to meet the deadline.
v.tr.
1. To set or place so as to be resting or supported.
2. To cause to incline.
n.
A tilt or an inclination away from the vertical.

[Middle English lenen, from Old English hleonian; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]

lean 2  (ln)
adj. lean·er, lean·est
1. Not fleshy or fat; thin.
2. Containing little or no fat.
3.
a. Not productive or prosperous; meager: lean years.
b. Containing little excess or waste; spare: a lean budget.
c. Thrifty in management; economical: Company leaders know their industries must be lean to survive (Christian Science Monitor).
4. Metallurgy Low in mineral contents: lean ore.
Chemistry Lacking in combustible material: lean fuel.
n.
Meat with little or no fat.

[Middle English lene, from Old English hlne.]

leanly adv.
leanness n.
Synonyms: lean2, spare, skinny, scrawny, lank, lanky, rawboned, gaunt
These adjectives mean lacking excess flesh. Lean emphasizes absence of fat: fattened the lean cattle for market.
Spare sometimes suggests trimness and good muscle tone: an old man, very tall and spare, with an ascetic aspect (William H. Mallock).
Skinny and scrawny imply unattractive thinness, as with undernourishment: The child has skinny legs with prominent knees. He [had] a long, scrawny neck that rose out of a very low collar (Winston Churchill).
Lank describes one who is thin and tall, and lanky one who is thin, tall, and ungraceful: He was . . . exceedingly lank, with narrow shoulders (Washington Irving). The boy had developed into a lanky adolescent.
Rawboned suggests a thin, bony, gangling build: a rawboned cowhand.
Gaunt implies boniness and a haggard appearance; it may suggest illness or hardship: a white-haired pioneer, her face gaunt from overwork.


lean  /lin/  v. 1 [I] to rest against for support: He leaned against a wall. 2 [I] to bend from the waist: He then leaned over and picked a flower. 3 phrasal v. insep. [T] to lean on or upon s.o.: to depend on for help: Her children lean on her, even though they are adults. 4 phrasal v. insep. [I] to lean toward(s): to favor, prefer: She leans toward going on vacation in July, not August.
adj. -er, -est 1 (of a person) thin, not fat: Professional dancers are usually lean. 2 (of meat) with little fat: They eat lean meat with the fat cut off. 3 producing little, meager: The country is going through lean times now because of the recession. 4 infrml.fig. lean and mean: hungry and aggressive, esp. to increase business or to win a sports competition: The company laid off 1,000 workers and is now lean and mean and ready to make money. lean

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