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hole

hole


hole  (hl)
n.
1. A hollowed place in something solid; a cavity or pit: dug a hole in the ground with a shovel.
2.
a. An opening or perforation: a hole in the clouds; had a hole in the elbow of my sweater.
b. Sports An opening in a defensive formation, such as the area of a baseball infield between two adjacent fielders.
c. A fault or flaw: There are holes in your argument.
3. A deep place in a body of water.
4. An animals hollowed-out habitation, such as a burrow.
5. An ugly, squalid, or depressing dwelling.
6. A deep or isolated place of confinement; a dungeon.
7. An awkward situation; a predicament.
8. Sports
a. The small pit lined with a cup into which a golf ball must be hit.
b. One of the divisions of a golf course, from tee to cup.
9. Physics A vacant position in a crystal left by the absence of an electron, especially a position in a semiconductor that acts as a carrier of positive electric charge. Also called electron hole.
v. holed, hol·ing, holes
v.tr.
1. To put a hole in.
2. To put or propel into a hole.
v.intr.
To make a hole in something.
Phrasal Verbs:
hole out Sports
To hit a golf ball into the hole.
hole up
1. To hibernate in or as if in a hole.
2. Informal To take refuge in or as if in a hideout.
Idiom:
in the hole
1. Having a score below zero.
2. In debt.
3. At a disadvantage.

[Middle English, from Old English hol; see kel-1 in Indo-European roots.]

hole [həʊl]
n
1. an area hollowed out in a solid
2. an opening made in or through something
3. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Zoology) an animals hiding place or burrow
4. Informal an unattractive place, such as a town or a dwelling
5. Informal a cell or dungeon
6. US informal a small anchorage
7. a fault (esp in the phrase pick holes in)
8. Slang a difficult and embarrassing situation
9. (Group Games / Games, other than specified) the cavity in various games into which the ball must be thrust
10. (Individual Sports & Recreations) (on a golf course)
a.  the cup on each of the greens
b.  each of the divisions of a course (usually 18) represented by the distance between the tee and a green
c.  the score made in striking the ball from the tee into the hole
11. (Physics / General Physics) Physics
a.  a vacancy in a nearly full band of quantum states of electrons in a semiconductor or an insulator. Under the action of an electric field holes behave as carriers of positive charge
b.  (as modifier) hole current
c.  a vacancy in the nearly full continuum of quantum states of negative energy of fermions. A hole appears as the antiparticle of the fermion
in holes so worn as to be full of holes his socks were in holes
in the hole Chiefly US
a.  (Economics, Accounting & Finance / Banking & Finance) in debt
b.  (Group Games / Card Games) (of a card, the hole card, in stud poker) dealt face down in the first round
make a hole in to consume or use a great amount of (food, drink, money, etc.) to make a hole in a bottle of brandy
vb
1. to make a hole or holes in (something)
2. (Individual Sports & Recreations) (when intr, often foll by out) Golf to hit (the ball) into the hole
[Old English hol; related to Gothic hulundi, German H?hle, Old Norse hylr pool, Latin caulis hollow stem; see hollow]

hole  (hl)
A gap, usually the valence band of an insulator or semiconductor, that would normally be filled with one electron. If an electron accelerated by a voltage moves into a gap, it leaves a gap behind it, and in this way the hole itself appears to move through the substance. Even though holes are in fact the absence of a negatively charged particle (an electron), they can be treated theoretically as positively charged particles, whose motion gives rise to electric current.


hole  /hol/  n. 1 an opening in a surface: I repaired a hole in my shirt. 2 an animals home or nest: A rabbit jumped into its hole. 3 an unclear point: The witnesss story had holes in it. 4 infrml. an unpleasant place: His small, messy apartment is a hole.||The police threw the prisoner into a hole. 5 (in golf) a. the cup into which the ball is hit b. one of 18 links: We played 18 holes of golf today.
adj. 1 slang in the hole: in debt: He is in the hole to his landlord for three months rent. 2 to poke holes in s.t.: to criticize too much
v. holed, holing, holes 1 [I;T] to make a hole in s.t.: The workman holed the garden for plants. 2 phrasal v. [I] to hole out: to finish a hole in golf 3 phrasal v. [I;T] to hole up: to hide: The criminal holed up in a mountain cabin.

Thesaurus: hole n. 1 a tear, crack, split | cavity, space 2 a burrow, den, tunnel 3 a gap 4 a mess. hole

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