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hard

hard


hard  (härd)
adj. hard·er, hard·est
1. Resistant to pressure; not readily penetrated.
2.
a. Physically toughened; rugged.
b. Mentally toughened; strong-minded.
3.
a. Requiring great effort or endurance: a hard assignment.
b. Performed with or marked by great diligence or energy: a project that required years of hard work.
c. Difficult to resolve, accomplish, or finish: That was a hard question.
d. Difficult to understand or impart: Physics was the hardest of my courses. Thermodynamics is a hard course to teach.
4.
a. Intense in force or degree: a hard blow.
b. Inclement: a long, hard winter.
5.
a. Stern or strict in nature or comportment: a hard taskmaster.
b. Resistant to persuasion or appeal; obdurate.
c. Making few concessions: drives a hard bargain.
6.
a. Difficult to endure: a hard life.
b. Oppressive or unjust in nature or effect: restrictions that were hard on welfare applicants.
c. Lacking compassion or sympathy; callous.
7.
a. Harsh or severe in effect or intention: said some hard things that I wont forget.
b. Bitter; resentful: No hard feelings, I hope.
8.
a. Causing damage or premature wear: Snow and ice are hard on a cars finish.
b. Bad; adverse: hard luck.
9. Proceeding or performing with force, vigor, or persistence; assiduous: a hard worker.
10.
a. Real and unassailable: hard evidence.
b. Definite; firm: a hard commitment.
c. Close; penetrating: We need to take a hard look at the situation.
d. Free from illusion or bias; practical: brought some hard common sense to the discussion.
e. Using or based on data that are readily quantified or verified: the hard sciences.
11.
a. Marked by sharp outline or definition; stark.
b. Lacking in delicacy, shading, or nuance.
12. Hard-core.
13. Being a turn in a specific direction at an angle more acute than other possible routes.
14.
a. Metallic, as opposed to paper. Used of currency.
b. Backed by bullion rather than by credit. Used of currency.
c. High and stable. Used of prices.
15.
a. Durable; lasting: hard merchandise.
b. Written or printed rather than stored in electronic media: sent the information by hard mail.
16. Erect; tumid. Used of a penis.
17.
a. Having high alcoholic content; intoxicating: hard liquor.
b. Rendered alcoholic by fermentation; fermented: hard cider.
18. Containing dissolved salts that interfere with the lathering action of soap. Used of water.
19. Linguistics Velar, as in c in cake or g in log, as opposed to palatal or soft.
20. Physics Of relatively high energy; penetrating: hard x-rays.
21. High in gluten content: hard wheat.
22. Chemistry Resistant to biodegradation: a hard detergent.
23. Physically addictive. Used of certain illegal drugs, such as heroin.
24. Resistant to blast, heat, or radiation. Used especially of nuclear weapons.
adv.
1. With strenuous effort; intently: worked hard all day; stared hard at the accused criminal.
2. With great force, vigor, or energy: pressed hard on the lever.
3. In such a way as to cause great damage or hardship: industrial cities hit hard by unemployment.
4. With great distress, grief, or bitterness: took the divorce hard.
5. Firmly; securely: held hard to the railing.
6. Toward or into a solid condition: concrete that sets hard within a day.
7. Near in space or time; close: The factory stands hard by the railroad tracks.
8. Nautical Completely; fully: hard alee.
Idioms:
hard and fast
Defined, fixed, and invariable: hard and fast rules.
hard of hearing
1. Having a partial loss of hearing.
2. One who has a partial loss of hearing.
hard put
Undergoing great difficulty: Under the circumstances, he was hard put to explain himself.
hard up Informal
In need; poor.

[Middle English, from Old English heard; see kar- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: hard, difficult, arduous
These adjectives mean requiring great physical or mental effort to do, achieve, or master. Hard is the most general term: You write with ease to show your breeding,/But easy writings curst hard reading (Richard Brinsley Sheridan).
Difficult and hard are interchangeable in many instances. Difficult, however, is often preferable where the need for skill or ingenuity is implied: All poetry is difficult to read,/The sense of it is, anyhow (Robert Browning).
Arduous applies to burdensome labor or sustained physical or spiritual effort: knowledge at which [Isaac] Newton arrived through arduous and circuitous paths (Thomas Macaulay).


hard  /hrd/  adj. 1 firm, solid: The surface of stone is hard and cold. 2 difficult: Poverty is a hard problem to solve. 3 true, unquestionable: The hard fact of the case is that a murder was committed. 4 of s.o. who requires people to work a lot but shows them little kindness: The officer is a hard man on his troops. 5 joyless: She has led a hard life on a small farm. 6 hard and fast: unbreakable: We have a hard and fast rule that no one may smoke in this office. 7 hard as nails: an uncompromising, demanding person: That drill sergeant is as hard as nails. 8 hard luck: bad luck: She had hard luck when she lost her job and then her house burned down.||She told a hard luck story about her situation. 9 hard of hearing: deaf, a hearing loss: The old man is hard of hearing. 10 hard times: when a person or an economy is not doing well: Many people are jobless in these hard times. 11 hard to take: difficult to believe or accept: The news of her death is very hard to take. 12 hard up: to be without money: He lost everything in a flood and is hard up now. 13 hard water: water containing minerals 14 to be hard at it: working: He started fixing the roof this morning and has been hard at it all day. 15 to be hard on: a. to treat harshly or severely: Dont be too hard on him; he didnt know any better. b. to be especially difficult or unpleasant for: The cold weather was hard on the elderly. 16 to do things the hard way: to make things more difficult than they need to be: Why are you retyping your paper instead of just correcting your mistakes? Do you always do things the hard way? 17 to drive a hard bargain: to insist on an agreement that meets ones demands: He always wants lower prices; he drives a hard bargain on everything he buys. 18 to have hard feelings or no hard feelings: anger, bad feelings, (syn.) resentment: If you decide not to buy my product, I will have no hard feelings toward you. 19 to play hard to get: to refuse to respond to flirting or attention: I have asked her for a date often, but she plays hard to get. 20 to take a hard line: to follow rules exactly: Congress wanted to increase spending, but the President took a hard line and said, No. 21 to take a hard look: to examine closely and critically: The top manager took a hard look at the companys budget to see where she could cut costs.
adv. 1 with much effort: She works hard every day. 2 with great force, a large amount: It was snowing hard last night, and now there are 13 inches of snow on the ground. 3 to be hard put: not to know, to be unable to answer: That question is difficult, and I am hard put to give you an answer.

Thesaurus: hard adj. 1 rigid, inflexible, stiff. Ant. soft. 2 complicated, tough, daunting, thorny. Ant. easy. 3 undeniable, irrefutable 4 rough, severe 5 harsh, austere. hard

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