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down

down


down 1  (doun)
adv.
1.
a. From a higher to a lower place or position: hiked down from the peak.
b. Toward, to, or on the ground, floor, or bottom: tripped and fell down.
2. In or into a sitting, kneeling, or reclining position: knelt down; lying down.
3. Toward or in the south; southward: flew down to Florida.
4.
a. Away from a place considered central or a center of activity, such as a city or town: down on the farm; sent down to work at the firms regional office.
b. Away from the present place.
5. To a specific location or source: tracking a rumor down.
6. Toward or at a low or lower point on a scale: from the biggest down to the smallest.
7.
a. To or in a quiescent or subdued state: calmed down.
b. In or into an inactive or inoperative state: The generators went down at midnight.
8. To or at a lower intensity.
9. To or into a lower or inferior condition, as of subjection, defeat, or disgrace.
10. To an extreme degree; heavily: worn down by worry.
11. Seriously or vigorously: get down to the project at hand.
12. From earlier times or people: tradition handed down from one generation to the next.
13. To a reduced or concentrated form: pared the term paper down to five pages.
14. In writing; on paper: wrote the statement down.
15. In partial payment at the time of purchase: put ten dollars down on the necklace.
16. Into or toward a secure position: nailed down the boards; bolted the furniture down.
adj.
1.
a. Moving or directed downward: a down elevator.
b. Low or lower: Stock prices were down today.
c. Reduced; diminished: The wind is down.
2. Afflicted; sick: Shes down with a bad cold.
3. Malfunctioning or not operating, especially temporarily: The computer is down.
4. Low in spirits; depressed: feeling down today.
5.
a. Sports & Games Trailing an opponent: a team down 20 points in the last quarter; down two pawns in the endgame.
b. Football Not in play: The ball is down on the 50-yard line.
c. Football Not permitted to advance further in the play because forward progress has stopped, especially by being tackled. Used of a ball carrier.
d. Baseball Retired; out: two down in the last of the ninth.
6. Completed; done: three down, two to go.
7. Learned or known perfectly: had the algebra problems down.
8. Slang Having knowledge of; aware: He was not, I detected, down with the revolution (Clarence Page).
9. Slang Of high quality; excellent.
prep.
1. In a descending direction along, upon, into, or through: rolled down the hill; floating down the river; went down cellar.
2. Along the course of: walking down the street.
3. In or at: The cans are stored down cellar.
n.
1. A downward movement; descent.
2. Football Any of a series of four plays during which a team must advance at least ten yards to retain possession of the ball.
v. downed, down·ing, downs
v.tr.
1. To bring, put, strike, or throw down: downed his opponent in the first round.
2. To swallow hastily; gulp: downed the glass of water.
3. Football To put (the ball) out of play by touching it to the ground.
v.intr.
To go or come down; descend.
Idioms:
down on
Informal Hostile or negative toward; ill-disposed to: was down on jogging after his injury.
down on (ones) luck
Afflicted by misfortune.

[Middle English doun, from Old English -dne (as in ofdne, downwards), from dne, dative of dn, hill; see dheu- in Indo-European roots.]

down 2  (doun)
n.
1. Fine, soft, fluffy feathers forming the first plumage of a young bird and underlying the contour feathers in certain adult birds.
2. Botany A covering of soft, short hairs, as on some leaves or fruit.
3. A soft, silky, or feathery substance, such as the first growth of a human beard.

[Middle English doun, from Old Norse dnn.]

down 3  (doun)
n.
1. An expanse of rolling, grassy, treeless upland used for grazing. Often used in the plural.
2. often Down Any of several breeds of sheep having short wool, originally bred in the Downs of southern England.

[Middle English doune, from Old English dn, hill; see dheu- in Indo-European roots.]
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