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culture

culture


cul·ture  (klchr)
n.
1.
a. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought.
b. These patterns, traits, and products considered as the expression of a particular period, class, community, or population: Edwardian culture; Japanese culture; the culture of poverty.
c. These patterns, traits, and products considered with respect to a particular category, such as a field, subject, or mode of expression: religious culture in the Middle Ages; musical culture; oral culture.
d. The predominating attitudes and behavior that characterize the functioning of a group or organization.
2. Intellectual and artistic activity and the works produced by it.
3.
a. Development of the intellect through training or education.
b. Enlightenment resulting from such training or education.
4. A high degree of taste and refinement formed by aesthetic and intellectual training.
5. Special training and development: voice culture for singers and actors.
6. The cultivation of soil; tillage.
7. The breeding of animals or growing of plants, especially to produce improved stock.
8. Biology
a. The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.
b. Such a growth or colony, as of bacteria.
tr.v. cul·tured, cul·tur·ing, cul·tures
1. To cultivate.
2.
a. To grow (microorganisms or other living matter) in a specially prepared nutrient medium.
b. To use (a substance) as a medium for culture: culture milk.

[Middle English, cultivation, from Old French, from Latin cultra, from cultus, past participle of colere; see cultivate.]
Usage Note: The application of the term culture to the collective attitudes and behavior of corporations arose in business jargon during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Unlike many locutions that emerge in business jargon, it spread to popular use in newspapers and magazines. Few Usage Panelists object to it. Over 80 percent of Panelists accept the sentence The new management style is a reversal of GEs traditional corporate culture, in which virtually everything the company does is measured in some form and filed away somewhere.  ·  Ever since C.P. Snow wrote of the gap between the two cultures (the humanities and science) in the 1950s, the notion that culture can refer to smaller segments of society has seemed implicit. Its usage in the corporate world may also have been facilitated by increased awareness of the importance of genuine cultural differences in a global economy, as between Americans and the Japanese, that have a broad effect on business practices.

culture [ˈkʌltʃə]
n
1. (Sociology) the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action
2. (Social Science / Anthropology & Ethnology) the total range of activities and ideas of a group of people with shared traditions, which are transmitted and reinforced by members of the group the Mayan culture
3. (Social Science / Anthropology & Ethnology) a particular civilization at a particular period
4. (Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Art Terms) the artistic and social pursuits, expression, and tastes valued by a society or class, as in the arts, manners, dress, etc.
5. the enlightenment or refinement resulting from these pursuits
6. (Sociology) the attitudes, feelings, values, and behaviour that characterize and inform society as a whole or any social group within it yob culture
7. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Agriculture) the cultivation of plants, esp by scientific methods designed to improve stock or to produce new ones
8. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Breeds) Stockbreeding the rearing and breeding of animals, esp with a view to improving the strain
9. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Agriculture) the act or practice of tilling or cultivating the soil
10. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Microbiology) Biology
a.  the experimental growth of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, in a nutrient substance (see culture medium), usually under controlled conditions
b.  a group of microorganisms grown in this way
vb (tr)
1. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Agriculture) to cultivate (plants or animals)
2. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Microbiology) to grow (microorganisms) in a culture medium
[from Old French, from Latin cultūra a cultivating, from colere to till; see cult]
culturist  n
cultureless  adj

culture  (klchr)
Noun
1. A growth of microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a specially prepared nutrient medium under supervised conditions.
2. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. Culture is learned and shared within social groups and is transmitted by nongenetic means.
Verb
To grow microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a nutrient medium.


culture  /kltr/  n. [C;U] 1 the ideas, activities (art, foods, businesses), and ways of behaving that are special to a country, people, or region: In North American culture, men do not kiss men when meeting each other. They shake hands. 2 [U] the achievements of a people or nation in art, music, literature, etc.: The Chinese have had a high culture for thousands of years.||She is a person of culture and refinement. 3 [C] (in medicine) a small piece of material from the body tested for a disease: The doctor took a culture from my sore throat to see if I have a strep throat.

Thesaurus: culture 1 society, way of life. culture

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