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break

break


break  (brk)
v. broke (brk), bro·ken (brkn), break·ing, breaks
v.tr.
1. To cause to separate into pieces suddenly or violently; smash.
2.
a. To divide into pieces, as by bending or cutting: break crackers for a baby.
b. To separate into components or parts: broke the work into discrete tasks.
3. To snap off or detach: broke a twig from the tree.
4.
a. To fracture a bone of: I broke my leg.
b. To fracture (a bone): I broke my femur.
5. To crack without separating into pieces.
6.
a. To destroy the completeness of (a group of related items): broke the set of books by giving some away.
b. To exchange for smaller monetary units: break a dollar.
7. To vary or disrupt the uniformity or continuity of: a plain that was broken by low hills; caught the ball without breaking stride.
8. Electricity To render (a circuit) inoperative by disruption; open.
9.
a. To force or make a way through; puncture or penetrate: The blade barely broke the skin.
b. To part or pierce the surface of: a dolphin breaking water.
10. To produce (a sweat) copiously on the skin, as from exercise.
11. To force ones way out of; escape from: break jail.
12. To make or bring about by cutting or forcing: break a trail through the woods.
13.
a. To find an opening or flaw in: They couldnt break my alibi.
b. To find the solution or key to; uncover the basic elements and arrangement of: break a code; break a spy ring.
14. To make known, as news: break a story.
15. To surpass or outdo: broke the leagues home-run record.
16. To overcome or put an end to, especially by force or strong opposition: break a deadlock in negotiations; break a strike.
17. Sports To win a game on (an opponents service), as in tennis.
18. To lessen the force or effect of: break a fall.
19. To render useless or inoperative: We accidentally broke the radio.
20. To weaken or destroy, as in spirit or health; overwhelm with adversity: For a hero loves the world till it breaks him (William Butler Yeats).
21. To cause the ruin or failure of (an enterprise, for example): Indiscretion broke both marriage and career.
22. To reduce in rank; demote.
23. To cause to be without money or to go into bankruptcy.
24. To fail to fulfill; cancel: break an engagement.
25. To fail to conform to; violate: break the speed limit.
26. Law To invalidate (a will) by judicial action.
27.
a. To give up (a habit).
b. To cause to give up a habit: They managed to break themselves of smoking.
28. To train to obey; tame: The horse was difficult to break.
v.intr.
1. To become separated into pieces or fragments.
2. To become cracked or split.
3. To become fractured: His arm broke from the fall.
4. To become unusable or inoperative: The television broke.
5. To give way; collapse: The scaffolding broke during the storm.
6. To burst: The blister broke.
7.
a. To intrude: They broke in upon our conversation.
b. To filter in or penetrate: Sunlight broke into the room.
8. To scatter or disperse; part: The clouds broke after the storm.
9. Games To make the opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.
10. Sports To separate from a clinch in boxing.
11. Sports To win a game on the opponents service, as in tennis: broke twice in the first set.
12. To move away or escape suddenly: broke from his grip and ran off.
13. To come forth or begin from a state of latency; come into being or emerge: A storm was breaking over Miami. Crocuses broke from the soil.
14. To emerge above the surface of water.
15. To become known or noticed: The big story broke on Friday.
16. To change direction or move suddenly: The quarterback broke to the left to avoid a tackler.
17. Baseball To curve near or over the plate: The pitch broke away from the batter.
18. To change suddenly from one tone quality or musical register to another: His voice broke into a falsetto.
19. Linguistics To undergo breaking.
20. To change to a gait different from the one set. Used of a horse.
21. To interrupt or cease an activity: Well break for coffee at ten.
22. To discontinue an association, an agreement, or a relationship: The partners broke over a financial matter. One hates to break with an old friend.
23. To diminish or discontinue abruptly: The fever is breaking.
24. To diminish in or lose physical or spiritual strength; weaken or succumb: Their good cheer broke after repeated setbacks.
25. To decrease sharply in value or quantity: Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs.
26. To come to an end: The cold spell broke yesterday.
27. To collapse or crash into surf or spray: waves that were breaking along the shore.
28. Informal To take place or happen; proceed: Things have been breaking well for them.
29. To engage in breaking; break dance.
n.
1. The act or an occurrence of breaking.
2. The result of breaking, as a crack, separation, or opening: a break in the clouds.
3. The beginning or emergence of something: the break of day
4. A sudden movement; a dash: The dog made a break toward the open field.
5. An escape: a prison break.
6. An interruption or a disruption in continuity or regularity: television programming without commercial breaks.
7. A pause or interval, as from work: a coffee break.
8. A sudden or marked change: a break in the weather.
9. A violation: a security break.
10. An often sudden piece of luck, especially good luck: finally got the big break in life.
11. Informal
a. An allowance or indulgence; accommodating treatment: The boss gave me a break because Id been sick.
b. A favorable price or reduction: a tax break for charitable contributions.
12. A severing of ties: made a break with the past; a break between the two families.
13. Informal A faux pas.
14. A sudden decline in prices.
15. A caesura.
16. Printing
a. The space between two paragraphs.
b. A series of three dots ( . . . ) used to indicate an omission in a text.
c. The place where a word is or should be divided at the end of a line.
17. Electricity Interruption of a flow of current.
18. Geology A marked change in topography such as a fault or deep valley.
19. Nautical The point of discontinuity between two levels on the deck of a ship.
20. Music
a. The point at which one register or tonal quality changes to another.
b. The change itself.
c. A solo jazz cadenza that is played during the pause between the regular phrases or choruses of a melody or that serves as an introduction to a more extended solo.
21. A change in a horses gait to one different from that set by the rider.
22. Sports The swerving of a ball from a straight path of flight, as in baseball or cricket.
23. Sports The beginning of a race.
24. Sports
a. A fast break.
b. A rush toward the goal, as in hockey, by offense players in control of the puck or ball, often against fewer defenders: a three-on-one break.
c. The separation after a clinch in boxing.
25. Games The opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.
26. Games A run or unbroken series of successful shots, as in billiards or croquet.
27. Sports & Games Failure to score a strike or a spare in a given bowling frame.
28. Sports A service break.
29. also brake A high horse-drawn carriage with four wheels.
30. Break dancing.
Phrasal Verbs:
break away
1. To separate or detach oneself, as from a group.
2. To move rapidly away from or ahead of a group: The cyclist broke away from the pack.
3. To discontinue customary practice.
break down
1. To cause to collapse; destroy: break down a partition; broke down our resolve.
2.
a. To become or cause to become distressed or upset.
b. To have a physical or mental collapse.
3. To give up resistance; give way: prejudices that break down slowly.
4. To fail to function; cease to be useful, effective, or operable: The elevator broke down.
5. To render or become weak or ineffective: Opposition to the kings rule gradually broke down his authority.
6.
a. To divide into or consider in parts; analyze.
b. To be divisible; admit of analysis: The population breaks down into three main groups.
7. To decompose or cause to decompose chemically.
8. Electricity To undergo a breakdown.
break in
1. To train or adapt for a purpose.
2. To loosen or soften with use: break in new shoes.
3. To enter premises forcibly or illegally: a prowler who was trying to break in.
4.
a. To interrupt a conversation or discussion.
b. To intrude.
5. To begin an activity or undertaking: The Senator broke in during the war years.
break into
1. To interrupt: No one would have dared to break into his abstraction (Alan Paton).
2. To begin suddenly: The horse broke into a wild gallop. The child broke into a flood of tears.
3. To enter (a field of activity): broke into broadcast journalism at an early age.
break off
1. To separate or become separated, as by twisting or tearing.
2. To stop suddenly, as in speaking.
3.
a. To discontinue (a relationship).
b. To cease to be friendly.
break out
1. To become affected with a skin eruption, such as pimples.
2. To develop suddenly and forcefully: Fighting broke out in the prison cells.
3.
a. To ready for action or use: Break out the rifles!
b. To bring forth for consumption: Lets break out the champagne.
4. To emerge or escape.
5. To be separable or classifiable into categories, as data.
6. To isolate (information) from a large body of data.
break through
To make a sudden, quick advance, as through an obstruction.
break up
1.
a. To separate or be separated into pieces: She broke up a chocolate bar. The river ice finally broke up.
b. To interrupt the uniformity or continuity of: An impromptu visit broke up the long afternoon.
2. To scatter; disperse: The crowd broke up after the game.
3. To cease to function or cause to stop functioning as an organized unit or group: His jazz band broke up. The new CEO broke up the corporation.
4. To bring or come to an end: Guards broke up the fight. They argued, and their friendship broke up.
5. Informal To burst or cause to burst into laughter.
Idioms:
break a leg
Used to wish someone, such as an actor, success in a performance.
break bread
To eat together.
break camp
To pack up equipment and leave a campsite.
break cover
To emerge from a protected location or hiding place: The platoon broke cover and headed down the road.
break even
To gain an amount equal to that invested, as in a commercial venture.
break ground
1. To begin a new construction project.
2. To advance beyond previous achievements.
break new ground
To advance beyond previous achievements: broke new ground in the field of computers.
break (ones) neck
To make the utmost possible effort.
break rank/ranks
1. To fall into disorder, as a formation of soldiers.
2. To fail to conform to a prevailing or expected pattern or order: Architectural experts have criticized the plaza in the past because it breaks rank with the distinctive fa?ades of neighboring Fifth Avenue blocks, whose buildings are flush with the sidewalk (Sharon Churcher).
break (someones) heart
To disappoint or dispirit someone severely.
break the bank
To require more money than is available.
break the ice
1. To make a start.
2. To relax a tense or unduly formal atmosphere or social situation.
break wind
To expel intestinal gas.

[Middle English breken, from Old English brecan; see bhreg- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: break, crack, fracture, burst, split, splinter, shatter, smash
These verbs mean to separate or cause to separate into parts or pieces, either by the sudden application of force or by the pressure of internal stress. Break is the most general: The window was broken by vandals. I broke my arm when I fell. That delicate ornament will break easily.
To crack is to break, often with a sharp snapping sound, without dividing into parts: I cracked the coffeepot, but it didnt leak. The buildings foundation cracked during the earthquake.
Fracture applies to a break or crack in a rigid body: She fractured her skull in the accident.
Burst implies a sudden coming apart, especially from internal pressure, and the dispersion of contents: The child burst the balloon with a pin.
Split refers to a division longitudinally or with the grain: She split the log with an ax.
Splinter implies splitting into long, thin, sharp pieces: Repeated blows splintered the door.
To shatter is to break into many scattered pieces: The bullet shattered the mirror upon impact.
Smash stresses force of blow or impact and suggests complete destruction: He angrily smashed the vase against the wall. See Also Synonyms at demote, opportunity.


break  /brek/  n. 1 the act or result of breaking, a crack: He has a break in his leg from an accident. 2 a change from s.t. usual: Going out to dinner is a nice break from cooking. 3 a stop or interruption of s.t. constant: The light went out because of a break in the supply of electricity.||There was a break in the hot weather yesterday. 4 an escape from prison: There was a break at the city jail last night; two prisoners escaped. 5 a beginning to appear: The break of day started activity at the camp as people woke up. 6 a quick, downward move: There was a break in the stock market (prices) today. 7 the breaks: bad luck: I lost my wallet! Well, I guess thats the breaks. 8 to get a break: to have good or bad luck: The factory fired 300 workers; they got a bad break. But I got a break (or) they gave me a break; I still have my job. 9 infrml. to give s.o. a break: a. to stop annoying s.o.: Give me a break; stop criticizing me. b. a lower price, a discount: She gave me a break on the price, $20 off. c. to not punish s.o.: Ill give you a break this time, but if you steal again, Ill call the police. 10 to take a break: to relax for a short time: We worked hard all morning, then took a break.

Thesaurus: break n. 1 a fracture, separation | split, opening 2 a change of pace, (take) a breather | respite frml. 5 an emergence 6 a sharp decline.
v. broke broUk breaking, breaks 1 a. [I;T] to turn into pieces: The dish broke when it hit the floor. b. [T] to crack: She broke the vase, so theres a crack in it now. 2 [I;T] to damage s.t. so that it doesnt work: The refrigerator broke, because it was so old. 3 [I] to fall apart: The dam finally broke and the waters flooded the land. 4 [I] to push through: The childs tooth broke through the skin.||These flowers are the first to break through the ground each spring. 5 [I;T] a. to stop constant activity: Bad storms break the flow of electricity to buildings.||The cold weather broke. b. to pause to relax: Lets break for lunch now. 6 [T] to disobey the law: She broke the law by stealing that money. 7 [T] to destroy s.o.s spirit: His biggest customer did not pay him and that broke him financially and emotionally. 8 infrml. break a leg! to wish s.o. good luck. 9 to break a habit: to stop s.t.: He finally broke the habit; he stopped smoking cigarettes. 10 phrasal v. [I] to break away: to escape: The child broke away from his mothers hand and ran out of the yard. 11 to break cover: to come out of a hiding place: The hunters broke cover when ducks flew overhead. 12 phrasal v. sep. to break s.t. or s.o. down: a. [I] to stop working, (syn.) to malfunction: This old car breaks down all the time. b. [I] to lose control of ones feelings: When his mother died, he broke down and cried. c. [T] to separate s.t. into small steps or pieces: The cookbook breaks down how to cook the meal.||It breaks the process down. 13 phrasal v. [I] to break in: a. to enter a building by force, (syn.) to burglarize: A thief broke in and stole my TV. b. to interrupt: She broke in on the conversation. 14 phrasal v. sep. [T] to break s.o. or s.t. in: a. s.o.: to become able to do s.t.: It took me a month to get used to my new job; my boss helped by breaking in all the new employees.||She broke us in. b. s.t.: to make s.t. more comfortable: I have to break in my new shoes; they hurt me.||I have to break them in. 15 phrasal v. sep. to break s.t. off: a. [I] to snap off: That tree branch broke off and fell. b. [T] to stop doing s.t., to cease: That man and woman broke off their relationship.||They broke it off. 16 phrasal v. [I] to break out: a. to develop a disease, esp. a rash: The child broke out with red spots (the measles, etc.). b. to escape: The prisoner broke out of jail. 17 [I] to break right (or) badly: to have events go a certain way: If things break right for her, she will get a new job this month.||If things break badly for her at work, she will lose her job. 18 phrasal v. insep. [T] to break through s.t.: a. to force through: Firefighters broke through the door to the house. b. to make a scientific discovery 19 phrasal v. [I] to break up: a. to laugh or cry: His girlfriend made funny faces, and he broke up (laughing). b. to separate: Their marriage broke up after a year. 20 phrasal v. insep. [T] to break with s.o. or s.t.: to stop being in agreement with, conforming to: It was a very unusual wedding; the couple broke with tradition. 21 to go broke: to lose all of ones money: He went broke without even a penny. See: broke.break v. 1 a. to smash to pieces, shatter b. to fracture 2 to stop working | go kaput infrml. 3 to rupture, collapse 4 to pierce (or) penetrate through s.t. 5 a. to interrupt, stop b. to stop. break

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