|bear 1 (b?r)|v. bore (b?r, br)
, borne (b?rn, brn)
or born (b?rn)
1. To hold up; support.
2. To carry from one place to another; transport.
3. To carry in the mind; harbor: bear a grudge.
4. To transmit at large; relate: bearing glad tidings.
5. To have as a visible characteristic: bore a scar on the left arm.
6. To have as a quality; exhibit: A thousand different shapes it bears (Abraham Cowley).
7. To carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct: She bore herself with dignity.
8. To be accountable for; assume: bearing heavy responsibilities.
9. To have a tolerance for; endure: couldnt bear his lying.
10. To call for; warrant: This case bears investigation.
11. To give birth to: bore six children in five years.
12. To produce; yield: plants bearing flowers.
13. To offer; render: I will bear witness to the deed.
14. To move by or as if by steady pressure; push: boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past (F. Scott Fitzgerald).
1. To yield fruit; produce: peach trees that bear every summer.
2. To have relevance; apply: They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.
3. To exert pressure, force, or influence.
a. To force oneself along; forge.
b. To endure something with tolerance and patience: Bear with me while I explain matters.
5. To extend or proceed in a specified direction: The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.
1. To advance in a threatening manner: The ship bore down on our canoe.
2. To apply maximum effort and concentration: If you really bear down, you will finish the task.
To prove right or justified; confirm: The test results bear out our claims.
To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition: The patient bore up well during the long illness.
bear down on
To effect in a harmful or adverse way: Financial pressures are bearing down on them.
To come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition.
bear in mind
To hold in ones mind; remember: Bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads.
[Middle English beren, from Old English beran; see bher-1 in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: bear1, endure, stand, abide, suffer, tolerate
These verbs mean to withstand something difficult or painful. Bear
pertains broadly to the capacity to withstand: Those best can bear reproof who merit praise
(Alexander Pope). Endure
specifies a continuing capacity to face pain or hardship: Human life is everywhere a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed
(Samuel Johnson). Stand
implies resoluteness of spirit: Actors who cant stand criticism shouldnt perform in public. Abide
suggest the capacity to withstand patiently: She couldnt abide fools. He suffered their insults in silence. Tolerate,
when applied to something other than pain, connotes reluctant acceptance: A decent . . . examination of the acts of government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged
(William Henry Harrison). See Also Synonyms at convey
Usage Note: Thanks to the vagaries of English spelling, bear has two past participles: born and borne. Traditionally, born is used only in passive constructions referring to birth: I was born in Chicago. For all other uses, including active constructions referring to birth, borne is the standard form: She has borne both her children at home. I have borne his insolence with the patience of a saint.