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bear

bear


Bear  (b?r), Mount
A peak, 4,523.5 m (14,831 ft) high, in the Wrangell Mountains of southern Alaska near the British Columbia border.

bear 1  (b?r)
v. bore (b?r, br), borne (b?rn, brn) or born (b?rn), bear·ing, bears
v.tr.
1. To hold up; support.
2. To carry from one place to another; transport.
3. To carry in the mind; harbor: bear a grudge.
4. To transmit at large; relate: bearing glad tidings.
5. To have as a visible characteristic: bore a scar on the left arm.
6. To have as a quality; exhibit: A thousand different shapes it bears (Abraham Cowley).
7. To carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct: She bore herself with dignity.
8. To be accountable for; assume: bearing heavy responsibilities.
9. To have a tolerance for; endure: couldnt bear his lying.
10. To call for; warrant: This case bears investigation.
11. To give birth to: bore six children in five years.
12. To produce; yield: plants bearing flowers.
13. To offer; render: I will bear witness to the deed.
14. To move by or as if by steady pressure; push: boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past (F. Scott Fitzgerald).
v.intr.
1. To yield fruit; produce: peach trees that bear every summer.
2. To have relevance; apply: They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.
3. To exert pressure, force, or influence.
4.
a. To force oneself along; forge.
b. To endure something with tolerance and patience: Bear with me while I explain matters.
5. To extend or proceed in a specified direction: The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.
Phrasal Verbs:
bear down
1. To advance in a threatening manner: The ship bore down on our canoe.
2. To apply maximum effort and concentration: If you really bear down, you will finish the task.
bear out
To prove right or justified; confirm: The test results bear out our claims.
bear up
To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition: The patient bore up well during the long illness.
Idioms:
bear down on
To effect in a harmful or adverse way: Financial pressures are bearing down on them.
bear fruit
To come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition.
bear in mind
To hold in ones mind; remember: Bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads.

[Middle English beren, from Old English beran; see bher-1 in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: bear1, endure, stand, abide, suffer, tolerate
These verbs mean to withstand something difficult or painful. Bear pertains broadly to the capacity to withstand: Those best can bear reproof who merit praise (Alexander Pope).
Endure specifies a continuing capacity to face pain or hardship: Human life is everywhere a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed (Samuel Johnson).
Stand implies resoluteness of spirit: Actors who cant stand criticism shouldnt perform in public.
Abide and suffer suggest the capacity to withstand patiently: She couldnt abide fools. He suffered their insults in silence.
Tolerate, when applied to something other than pain, connotes reluctant acceptance: A decent . . . examination of the acts of government should be not only tolerated, but encouraged (William Henry Harrison). See Also Synonyms at convey, produce.
Usage Note: Thanks to the vagaries of English spelling, bear has two past participles: born and borne. Traditionally, born is used only in passive constructions referring to birth: I was born in Chicago. For all other uses, including active constructions referring to birth, borne is the standard form: She has borne both her children at home. I have borne his insolence with the patience of a saint.

bear 2  (b?r)
n.
1.
a. Any of various usually omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae that have a shaggy coat and a short tail and walk with the entire lower surface of the foot touching the ground.
b. Any of various other animals, such as the koala, that resemble a true bear.
2. A large, clumsy, or ill-mannered person.
3.
a. One, such as an investor, that sells securities or commodities in expectation of falling prices.
b. A pessimist, especially regarding business conditions.
4. Slang Something that is difficult or unpleasant: The final exam was a bear.
5. Slang A highway patrol officer.
adj.
Characterized by falling prices: a bear market.

[Middle English bere, from Old English bera; see bher-2 in Indo-European roots. Sense 3, probably from proverb To sell the bears skin before catching the bear.]
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