English explanatory dictionary online >> bark


Results for: bark

bark

bark


bark 1  (b?rk)
n.
1. The harsh sound uttered by a dog.
2. A sound, such as a cough, that is similar to a dogs bark.
v. barked, bark·ing, barks
v.intr.
1. To utter a bark.
2. To make a sound similar to a bark: The birds bark softly, sounding almost like young pups (Charleston SC News and Courier).
3. To speak sharply; snap: a spot where you can just drop in . . . without anyones barking at you for failing to plan ahead (Andy Birsh).
4. To work as a barker, as at a carnival.
v.tr.
To utter in a loud, harsh voice: The quarterback barked out the signals.
Idiom:
bark up the wrong tree
To misdirect ones energies or attention.

[From Middle English berken, to bark, from Old English beorcan.]

bark 2  (b?rk)
n.
1. The tough outer covering of the woody stems and roots of trees, shrubs, and other woody plants. It includes all tissues outside the vascular cambium.
2. A specific kind of bark used for a special purpose, as in tanning or medicine.
tr.v. barked, bark·ing, barks
1. To remove bark from (a tree or log).
2. To rub off the skin of; abrade: barked my shin on the car door.
3. To tan or dye (leather or fabric) by steeping in an infusion of bark.
4. To treat (a patient) using a medicinal bark infusion.

[Middle English, from Old Norse b?rkr.]

barky adj.

bark 3 also barque  (b?rk)
n.
1. A sailing ship with from three to five masts, all of them square-rigged except the after mast, which is fore-and-aft rigged.
2. A small vessel that is propelled by oars or sails.

[Middle English barke, boat, from Old French barque, from Old Italian barca, from Latin.]

bark1
n
1. the loud abrupt usually harsh or gruff cry of a dog or any of certain other animals
2. a similar sound, such as one made by a person, gun, etc.
his bark is worse than his bite he is bad-tempered but harmless
vb
1. (intr) (of a dog or any of certain other animals) to make its typical loud abrupt cry
2. (intr) (of a person, gun, etc.) to make a similar loud harsh sound
3. to say or shout in a brusque, peremptory, or angry tone he barked an order
4. US informal to advertise (a show, merchandise, etc.) by loudly addressing passers-by
bark up the wrong tree Informal to misdirect ones attention, efforts, etc.; be mistaken
[Old English beorcan; related to Lithuanian burgěti to quarrel, growl]

bark2
n
1. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Botany) a protective layer of dead corky cells on the outside of the stems of woody plants
2. (Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Tanning) any of several varieties of this substance that can be used in tanning, dyeing, or in medicine
3. (Medicine / Pharmacology) an informal name for cinchona
vb (tr)
1. to scrape or rub off skin, as in an injury
2. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Forestry) to remove the bark or a circle of bark from (a tree or log)
3. to cover or enclose with bark
4. (Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Tanning) to tan (leather), principally by the tannins in barks
[from Old Norse b?rkr; related to Swedish, Danish bark, German Borke; compare Old Norse bj?rkr birch]

bark3
n
(Transport / Nautical Terms) a variant spelling (esp US) of barque

bark  (b?rk)
The protective outer covering of the trunk, branches, and roots of trees and other woody plants. Bark includes all tissues outside the vascular cambium. In older trees, bark is usually divided into inner bark, consisting of living phloem, and outer bark, consisting of the periderm (the phelloderm, cork cambium, and cork) and all the tissues outside it. The outer bark is mainly dead tissue that protects the tree from heat, cold, insects, and other dangers. The appearance of bark varies according to the manner in which the periderm forms, as in broken layers or smoother rings. Bark also has lenticels, porous corky areas that allow for the exchange of water vapor and gases with the interior living tissues.
bark

Enter word: